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Heat Transfer Research
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ISSN Imprimir: 1064-2285
ISSN On-line: 2162-6561

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Heat Transfer Research

DOI: 10.1615/HeatTransRes.2015010730
pages 141-155

NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF LAMINAR FILM CONDENSATION OF VAPOR IN A HORIZONTAL MINICHANNEL WITH AND WITHOUT A NONCONDENSABLE GAS

Zhan Yin
Key Laboratory of Thermo-Fluid Science and Engineering, Ministry of Education, School of Energy and Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710049, P.R. China
Jianjun Wen
Key Laboratory of Thermo-Fluid Science and Engineering, Ministry of Education, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, 710049, China
Min Zeng
Key Laboratory of Thermo-Fluid Science and Engineering, Ministry of Education, School of Energy and Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, 710049, China
Qiu-Wang Wang
Key Laboratory of Thermo-Fluid Science and Engineering, Ministry of Education, School of Energy and Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710049, P.R. China

RESUMO

A steady two-dimensional volume of fluid (VOF) simulation of laminar film condensation of vapor with and without a noncondensable gas inside a 1-mm horizontal minichannel is presented. The uniform interface temperature and wall temperature are fixed as boundary conditions, and the flow pattern is expected to be annular. The numerical simulation results display the evolution of the liquid−gas interface, Nu, and heat flux. It is found that the global effect of gravity is negligible. Moving downstream the minichannel, the liquid film grows rapidly near the entrance and then remains unchanged in the rest of the minichannel till the end. Higher inlet velocity and wall temperature of the minichannel lead to the augmentation of the average Nu value of condensation. The existence of a noncondensable gas makes the heat flux to decrease sharply compared to that vapor condensation, while a higher inlet velocity will aggravate this effect. Meanwhile, the noncondensable gas with smaller thermal conductivity would give rise to greater reduction of heat flux as a result of the higher thermal resistance in the noncondensable gas layer.


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