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Heat Transfer Research
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ISSN Imprimir: 1064-2285
ISSN On-line: 2162-6561

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Heat Transfer Research

DOI: 10.1615/HeatTransRes.v41.i7.30
pages 703-736

Turbine Aero-Heat Transfer Studies in Rotating Research Facilities

Cengiz Camci
Turbomachinery Aero-Heat Transfer Laboratory, Department of Aerospace Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, USA

RESUMO

The present paper deals with the experimental aero-heat transfer studies performed in rotating turbine research facilities. Turbine heat transfer research had significant progress in the last few decades. Since the full-scale operational conditions of a modern gas turbine dictate high temperatures well in excess of 3600°F and pressure ratios ranging from 20 to 50, experimental forced convection heat transfer research on the gas side of a rotating turbine environment is a technically challenging task. The current paper provides a limited review of turbine heat transfer research in various facilities including short-duration blow-down and large-scale/low-speed turbine systems. Since the final status of any forced convection heat transfer problem is closely related to the detailed structure of momentum transfer in highly 3D, unsteady, rotating, and turbulent viscous flow environment, emphasis is placed on pertinent turbine aerodynamic features existing in turbines. The most significant parameters to simulate in a rotating aeroheat transfer facility can be listed as Reynolds number based on the blade chord, Mach number for compressibility and shock wave effects, tip speed, intensity and scale of free-stream turbulence, Strouhal number for the unsteady wake passing effects, free-stream to wall temperature ratio, coolant to free-stream temperature ratio, specific heat ratio, molecular Prandtl number of the operating gas and a rotation number for turbine aero-heat transfer work performed under rotational conditions. A flow coefficient and a loading coefficient defined by the actual turbine hardware are typically maintained during laboratory testing.


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