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Heat Pipe Science and Technology, An International Journal

ISSN Imprimir: 2151-7975
ISSN On-line: 2151-7991

Archives: Volume 1, 2010 to Volume 8, 2017

Heat Pipe Science and Technology, An International Journal

DOI: 10.1615/HeatPipeScieTech.v5.i1-4.40
pages 69-76

HEAT PIPES: EVOLUTION OF ENDLESS APPLICATION OPPORTUNITIES

Masataka Mochizuki
Thermal Technology Division, Fujikura Ltd. 1-5-1, Kiba, Koto-Ku, Tokyo 135, Japan
Thang Nguyen
Thermal Technology Division, Engineering Department, Fujikura Ltd. 1-5-1, Kiba, Koto-Ku, Tokyo 135, Japan

RESUMO

The early history of heat pipe can be traced back to Angier March Perkins, who was in 1839 had a patent on hermetic boiler tube which was a single phase and at a high pressure. His descendant Jacob Perkins, in 1936 took a step further on patented Perkin Tube which is a twisted tube filled with water was passed over an evaporator and then a condenser. The modern concept of heat pipe was first put forth by R. S. Gaugler in 1944, that he had a patent idea of adding a capillary wick structure inside the heat pipe to make the fluid return to the evaporator instead of relying on the gravity feed. But throughout that period there was no need for such thing, so development made no impact for about twenty years. It resurfaced in 1962 when G. M. Grover and his coworkers from the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory created prototypes on the design and called the name "heat pipe". Since then, research and development actively started from various institutions and industries worldwide, leading to numerous practical applications in today, and endless possibilities in future applications. New applications for heat pipes have emerged from time to time. For examples of application - aerospace and astronautics in the 1970's; energy and conservation in the 1980's; industrial and natural energy utilization in the 1990's; computers and electronics cooling in the 2000's; and possibly global warming and environment protection in the 2010's.


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