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Journal of Flow Visualization and Image Processing
SJR: 0.161 SNIP: 0.312 CiteScore™: 0.1

ISSN Imprimir: 1065-3090
ISSN On-line: 1940-4336

Journal of Flow Visualization and Image Processing

DOI: 10.1615/JFlowVisImageProc.2016016056
pages 97-115

INSTABILITIES AND TOPOLOGICAL BEHAVIOR OF FLOW INSIDE CHAMPAGNE GLASSES

Fabien Beaumont
Laboratoire de Thermomecanique GRESPI- EA4301, Universite de Reims, 51687 Reims cedex 2, France
Gerard Liger-Belair
Equipe Effervescence, Champagne et Applications/Groupe de Spectrometrie Moleculaire et Atmospherique UMR-CNRS7331, Universite de Reims, 51687 Reims cedex 2, France
Guillaume Polidori
Laboratoire de Thermomecanique GRESPI- EA4301, Universite de Reims, 51687 Reims cedex 2, France

RESUMO

The glass shape and especially its open aperture is suspected to play an important role as concerns the kinetics of CO2 and flavor release during champagne tasting. In recent years, much interest has been devoted to depicting each and every parameter involved in the release of gaseous CO2 from glasses poured with champagne. However, one can hardly understand the bubbling and aromatic exhalation events in champagne tasting, without studying the flow-mixing mechanisms inside the glass. Indeed, a key assumption is that a link of causality may exist between the flow structures created in the wine due to bubble motion and the process of flavor exhalation. In this article, a collection of various ascending bubble-driven flow patterns and mixing phenomena that illustrate the fine interplay between ascending bubbles and the fluid around are evidenced through tomography techniques. Moreover, the particle image velocimetry (PIV) technique was used in order to reach the velocity field of the ascending bubbles-driven flow patterns found in a flute poured with champagne. The results show that the continuous flow of ascending bubbles strongly modifies the mixing and convection conditions of the liquid medium. Moreover, spontaneous and self-organized convective cells were evidenced at the air/champagne interface through laser tomography. The number, size, and velocity of the multiple and self-organized convective cells vary as time proceeds with the continuously decreasing bubble-driven champagne flow. We can establish a close link between the number of hydrodynamic instabilities evidenced at the air/champagne interface and the bubble flow rate.


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