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Journal of Flow Visualization and Image Processing
SJR: 0.161 SNIP: 0.312 CiteScore™: 0.5

ISSN Imprimir: 1065-3090
ISSN On-line: 1940-4336

Journal of Flow Visualization and Image Processing

DOI: 10.1615/JFlowVisImageProc.v14.i2.50
pages 201-223

NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF VENTILATION SYSTEM WITHIN AN ARMORED VEHICLE CABIN

Chin-Lung Chang
Department of Vehicle Engineering, National Pingtung University of Science and Technology, Pingtung, Taiwan, 912
Chien-Hsiung Tsai
Department of Vehicle Engineering, National Pingtung University of Science and Technology, Pingtung, Taiwan, 912
Yu-Ren Wang
Department of Vehicle Engineering, National Pingtung University of Science and Technology, Pingtung, Taiwan, 912
Qing-Shan Hon
Department of Vehicle Engineering, National Pingtung University of Science and Technology, Pingtung, Taiwan, 912

RESUMO

This paper utilizes computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to investigate the ventilation system within the cabin of an armored vehicle. Commercial ICEM/CFD software is employed to construct a model of the armored vehicle and FLUENT simulation software is applied to a turbulence model to perform steady- and unsteady-state analysis of the ventilation system under various imposed housing temperature conditions. The simulation results provide a complete analysis of the temperature distributions, velocity vectors, PMV indices, and local mean age of air in the cabin under steady-state conditions. In the unsteady state, the air emission speed increases with increasing temperature when the housing is assumed to be isothermal. Therefore, incorporating a heater within the housing is likely to enhance the discharging of unclean gases. In the case of a heat insulating housing, the air emission speed is bounded by the emission speeds of the isothermal 10° C and 30° C housing temperature cases. Therefore, there is no clear correlation between the insulated and isothermal cases. The present unsteady-state analysis results are also applicable to general heat insulating films. Hence, the present results provide a valuable contribution to the development of enhanced ventilation systems for general industrial or military applications.


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