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High Temperature Material Processes: An International Quarterly of High-Technology Plasma Processes
SJR: 0.19 SNIP: 0.341 CiteScore™: 0.43

ISSN Imprimir: 1093-3611
ISSN On-line: 1940-4360

High Temperature Material Processes: An International Quarterly of High-Technology Plasma Processes

DOI: 10.1615/HighTempMatProc.v16.i2.30
pages 97-107

PLASMA TECHNOLOGIES FOR FUEL CONVERSION

V. E. Messerle
The Combustion Problems Institute, Scientific-Technical Organization "Plasmotekhnika", Research Institute of Experimental and Theoretical Physics, Almaty, Kazakhstan
A. B. Ustimenko
The Combustion Problems Institute, Scientific-Technical Organization "Plasmotekhnika", Research Institute of Experimental and Theoretical Physics, Almaty, Kazakhstan

RESUMO

The results of long-term research of plasmachemical technologies of pyrolysis, hydrogenation, thermochemical treatment for combustion, gasification, radiation-plasma, and complex conversion of solid fuels, including uranium-containing slate coal, and cracking of hydrocarbon gases, are presented. The use of these technologies for obtaining target products (hydrogen, hydrocarbon black, hydrocarbon gases, synthesis gas, and valuable components of the coal mineral mass) meet the modern experimental and economic requirements to the power sector, metallurgy and chemical industry. Plasma coal conversion technologies are characterized by a small time of reagents retention in the reactor and a high rate of the original substances conversion to the target products without catalysts. Thermochemical treatment of fuel for combustion is performed in a plasma fuel system, representing a reaction chamber with a plasmatron, while other plasma fuel conversion technologies are performed in a combined plasmachemical reactor of 100 kW nominal power, in which the area of heat release from the electric arc is combined with the area of chemical reactions.


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