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Multiphase Science and Technology
SJR: 0.153 SNIP: 0.222 CiteScore™: 0.26

ISSN Imprimir: 0276-1459
ISSN On-line: 1943-6181

Multiphase Science and Technology

DOI: 10.1615/MultScienTechn.v27.i1.40
pages 67-75

EFFECTS OF SUBCOOLING ON SOUND GENERATION BY VAPOR BUBBLES IN WATER

Kosuke Hayashi
Graduate School of Engineering, Kobe University, 1-1 Rokkodai-cho, Nada, Kobe, 657-8501, Japan
Masaya Tateyama
NORITZ, 5 Minami Futami, Futami-cho, Akashi, 674-0093, Japan
Kazutaka Ikeuchi
Graduate School of Engineering, Kobe University, 1-1 Rokkodai-cho, Nada, Kobe, 657-8501, Japan
Shigeo Hosokawa
Kobe University
Akio Tomiyama
Graduate School of Engineering, Kobe University, 1-1 Rokkodai-cho, Nada, Kobe, 657-8501, Japan
Makoto Hirotsu
NORITZ, 5 Minami Futami, Futami-cho, Akashi, 674-0093, Japan
Nobuhiro Takeda
NORITZ, 5 Minami Futami, Futami-cho, Akashi, 674-0093, Japan

RESUMO

Sound generated by vapor bubbles condensing in subcooled water was measured to investigate effects of the degree, ΔT, of subcooling. Saturated steam from a boiler was injected into a horizontal water pipe flow through an orifice of 1 mm in diameter. The duct diameter was 16 mm and the Reynolds number of water was about 5 × 104. The subcooling was varied from 10 to 40 K. The sound level increased with increasing ΔT for ΔT ≤ 20 K, whereas it was independent of ΔT at higher ΔT. Video images of condensing bubbles revealed that the interfacial velocity of a condensing bubble had the same trend as that of the sound level, and therefore, the interfacial velocity in condensation is the key in the sound level. The rapid condensation at high ΔT induced emission of microbubbles and secondary pressure pulse generation. The latter also contributes to the increase in the sound level.