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Atomization and Sprays
Fator do impacto: 1.189 FI de cinco anos: 1.596 SJR: 0.814 SNIP: 1.18 CiteScore™: 1.6

ISSN Imprimir: 1044-5110
ISSN On-line: 1936-2684

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Atomization and Sprays

DOI: 10.1615/AtomizSpr.2013007851
pages 623-641


Hao Chen
Tula Technology, Inc.
David Hung
University of Michigan-Shanghai Jiao Tong University Joint Institute, Shanghai Jiao Tong University
Min Xu
School of Mechanical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, National Engineering Laboratory for Automotive Electronic Control Technology, Shanghai 200240, China
Jie Zhong
University of Michigan-Shanghai Jiao Tong University Joint Institute, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China


This paper presents a novel approach to analyze the cycle-to-cycle variations of pulsing spray characteristics. The purpose is to quantify the cycle-to-cycle variations of the macroscopic characteristics of spark-ignition direct-injection (SIDI) fuel injector spray, so that improvements of air-fuel mixture formation can be made to enhance the combustion efficiency and reduce emissions of SIDI engines. The experiments were carried out using an eight-hole SIDI fuel injector under a controlled ambient environment with an extended range of test conditions. Using a strobe light as an illumination source, multiple cycles of macroscopic spray structure images at a fixed injection delay time were taken by a CCD camera. The proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) technique was implemented to analyze the cycle-to-cycle characteristics of spray variation. In addition, the effects of injection pressure, ambient pressure, and fuel type on spray variation were also investigated. POD analysis reveals that the mode 1 pattern captured the ensemble-averaged spray shape, the mode 2 pattern provided quantification of spatial fuel distribution variations of different cycles of spray, and higher mode patterns further quantified the finer details of the variations surrounding the well-atomized periphery of the spray structure. POD analysis also quantitatively confirms that better-atomized sprays led to slightly higher variations of finer structures along the spray boundary. Overall, this study demonstrates that POD analysis can be used as a novel approach to quantify the cycle-to-cycle variation of pulsing spray characteristics.