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Atomization and Sprays
Fator do impacto: 1.262 FI de cinco anos: 1.518 SJR: 0.814 SNIP: 1.18 CiteScore™: 1.6

ISSN Imprimir: 1044-5110
ISSN On-line: 1936-2684

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Atomization and Sprays

DOI: 10.1615/AtomizSpr.2015011460
pages 795-817

A ONE-DIMENSIONAL TWO-PHASE FLOW MODEL AND EXPERIMENTAL VALIDATION FOR A FLASHING VISCOUS LIQUID IN A SPLASH PLATE NOZZLE

Mika P. Jarvinen
Department of Energy Technology, School of Engineering, Aalto University, P.O. Box 14400, Sahkomiehentie 4A, 00076 Aalto, Finland
A. E. P. Kankkunen
Department of Energy Technology, School of Engineering, Aalto University, P.O. Box 14400, Sahkomiehentie 4A, 00076 Aalto, Finland
R. Virtanen
Department of Energy Technology, School of Engineering, Aalto University, P.O. Box 14400, Sahkomiehentie 4A, 00076 Aalto, Finland
P. H. Miikkulainen
Andritz Oy, Kyminlinnantie 6, 48601 Kotka, Finland
V. P. Heikkila
Valmet Power Oy, Lentokentankatu 11, 33101 Tampere, Finland

RESUMO

This article presents a new computational two-phase flow model and extensive validation for an industrial splash plate nozzle. The primary motivation for this work was to develop a simulation tool that can be used to reliably calculate initial droplet velocity data of industrial spray nozzles. This is an important part in properly defining boundary conditions for CFD furnace combustion simulations, for example, in the case of a recovery boiler burning black liquor. The model will also be actively used later for the industrial engineering and design of black liquor nozzle development. The model can also be used for other liquid fuels sprayed under flashing and nonflashing conditions. The model is based on the numerical solution of one-dimensional conservation equations of mass, momentum, energy, steam mass fraction, and bubble number density by using state of the art numerical methods that can track all the relevant mechanisms. Mass-momentum coupling was solved by the SIMPLE method. Scalar equations were solved by the fully implicit control volume method. A totally new and computationally efficient single-equation vapor generation source model was developed including heat transfer to bubble surface, evaporation, and inertial, viscous, and surface tension forces. Non-Newtonian effects were also included. The article presents comparison data for real flashing conditions with industrial black liquor, validating also the model predictions for initial spray velocity, nozzle pressure loss, and mass flow rate.