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Atomization and Sprays
Fator do impacto: 1.262 FI de cinco anos: 1.518 SJR: 0.814 SNIP: 1.18 CiteScore™: 1.6

ISSN Imprimir: 1044-5110
ISSN On-line: 1936-2684

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Atomization and Sprays

DOI: 10.1615/AtomizSpr.2013005867
pages 861-888

MODELLING OF PRIMARY BREAKUP PROCESS OF A GASOLINE DIRECT ENGINE MULTI-HOLE SPRAY

Simone Malaguti
Dipartimento di Ingegneria "Enzo Ferrari", University degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Italy
Stefano Fontanesi
Dipartimento di Ingegneria "Enzo Ferrari", University degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Italy
Giuseppe Cantore
Dipartimento di Ingegneria "Enzo Ferrari", University degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Italy
Alessandro Montanaro
Istituto Motori−CNR, Via G. Marconi 4, 80125, Napoli, Italy
Luigi Allocca
Istituto Motori−CNR, Via G. Marconi, Napoli, Italy

RESUMO

This paper proposes a numerical methodology for the simulation of a gasoline spray generated by a multi-hole injector of a current production wall-guided gasoline direct injection engine. Particular care is dedicated to the accurate representation of the spray primary breakup by means of an atomization model. The model is purposely implemented to take into account cavitation phenomena and turbulent effects induced by the nozzle geometry through a simplified approach. Because a high primary breakup rate is expected, an initial distribution of atomized droplets is predicted at the nozzle hole exit by the numerical approach. The spray is at first experimentally investigated in a test vessel at non-evaporative ambient conditions and under quiescent conditions, in which commercial gasoline is injected at two different injection pressures (10.0 and 20.0 MPa). The spray is characterized in terms of both the instantaneous mass flow rate and morphology. Numerical simulations are performed and then compared against the experiments in order to evaluate their capability to correctly predict liquid spray penetration, droplet-size distribution, and spray morphology. The new approach is a fairly simple, yet reliable, solution that is able to predict the influence of the nozzle hole (in terms of the discharge coefficient, diameter, and length), neglecting geometrical details that are usually far from being easily accessed by engine developers.


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