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International Journal of Energy for a Clean Environment
SJR: 0.195 SNIP: 0.659 CiteScore™: 1.2

ISSN Imprimir: 2150-3621
ISSN On-line: 2150-363X

International Journal of Energy for a Clean Environment

Anteriormente Conhecido Como Clean Air: International Journal on Energy for a Clean Environment

DOI: 10.1615/InterJEnerCleanEnv.2017020368
pages 147-160

RESEARCH OF THE PYROLYSIS OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE AIMED AT IMPROVING THE EFFICIENCY OF THERMAL REACTORS

Olga B. Kolibaba
Ivanovo State Power University, 34 Rabfakovskaya Str., Ivanovo, 153003, Russia
Anatoly I. Sokolskiy
Ivanovo State Power University, 34 Rabfakovskaya Str., Ivanovo, 153003, Russia
Ramil N. Gabitov
Ivanovo State Power University, 34 Rabfakovskaya Str., Ivanovo, 153003, Russia

RESUMO

A thermal analysis of a mixture of municipal solid waste (MSW) of average morphological composition and of its individual components was carried out in order to develop the ways to improve the efficiency of its utilization for energy production at thermal reactors. Experimental studies were performed on a NETZSCH STA 449 F3 Jupiter synchronous thermal analyzer combined with a QMC 403 quadrupole mass spectrometer. Based on the results of the experiments, the temperature ranges of the pyrolysis process were determined as well as the rate of decrease of the mass of solid waste sample in drying and oxidative pyrolysis processes, the thermal effects accompanying these processes, as well as the composition and volumes of gases produced during oxidative pyrolysis of solid waste and of its components in atmosphere with oxygen content of 1%, 5%, and 10%. Based on the experimental data, the dependences of the yield of gas on the moisture content of MSW were obtained under different pyrolysis conditions in which a gas of various calorific values was produced. In order to assess the possibility of improving the energy efficiency of the furnace its thermal efficiency was determined, the value of which was affected by the moisture content of the initial material and the oxygen content of the atmosphere.


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