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Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine: An International Journal
SJR: 0.123

ISSN Imprimir: 2151-805X
ISSN On-line: 2151-8068

Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine: An International Journal

DOI: 10.1615/EthicsBiologyEngMed.2013007009
pages 75-86

Ethical Issues to Consider for Microchip Implants in Humans

Roger Achille
Alan Shawn Feinstein Graduate School, Johnson & Wales University, Providence, RI
Christine Perakslis
College of Management, Johnson & Wales University, Providence, Rhode Island
Katina Michael
School of Information Systems and Technology, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia


The purpose of this article is to explore the changing equation of the ethics perspective of the generation known as Millennials (born 1981-2000) when considering such emerging technologies as microchip implants in humans. We have utilized a philosophical research approach with intellectual analyses to support value judgments. This technology, also known as radio frequency identification (RFID) chip implants, or information and communications technology (ICT) implants, is used in various settings and for a variety of purposes. However, concerns abound relative to this technology concerning such issues as human dignity, the privacy of individuals, bodily integrity, and data usage. We conducted a review of the literature, including an overview of the state of this technology, ethical issues surrounding implants, legislation in the European Union and the United States, the political clout of small businesses, key traits of the Millennial generation that may affect their ethics perspective, recent research relative to implants, and the opinions of Millennials. Recently, researchers have reported more openness to this technology in Millennials compared to other generations. Shifts in Millennials over a 5-year period toward more willingness relative to undergoing implantation of microchips have also been reported. Considering all factors, we consider affects of the Millennial's shifting attitudes and values toward implantation when legislation or standards are enacted relative to the emergence of this particular invasive technology.

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