Inscrição na biblioteca: Guest
Portal Digital Begell Biblioteca digital da Begell eBooks Diários Referências e Anais Coleções de pesquisa
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Fator do impacto: 1.423 FI de cinco anos: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Imprimir: 1521-9437
ISSN On-line: 1940-4344

Volumes:
Volume 21, 2019 Volume 20, 2018 Volume 19, 2017 Volume 18, 2016 Volume 17, 2015 Volume 16, 2014 Volume 15, 2013 Volume 14, 2012 Volume 13, 2011 Volume 12, 2010 Volume 11, 2009 Volume 10, 2008 Volume 9, 2007 Volume 8, 2006 Volume 7, 2005 Volume 6, 2004 Volume 5, 2003 Volume 4, 2002 Volume 3, 2001 Volume 2, 2000 Volume 1, 1999

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.v7.i3.190
pages 357-359

The Ice Man's Fungi: Facts and Mysteries

Reinhold Poder
Institute of Microbiology, University of Innsbruck, Technikerstrasse 25, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria

RESUMO

The discovery of a Neolithic corpse in 1991 in an Alpine glacial field, near the Austrian–Italian border, attracted worldwide attention. The finding’s circumstances and the recovery of the mummy proved to be quite chaotic: it took five days for the corpse and most of the artifacts found with it to be transferred to a lab of forensic medicine in Innsbruck, the capital of Tyrol. During this time (September 19–24, 1991) the Neolithic origin of the corpse was unknown, and at least 22 different persons came into contact with it (Egg and Spindler, 1993). Many of the artifacts, some damaged by the visitors, were carelessly thrown into a garbage bag and brought to Vent, the next mountain village. Therefore, the exact original position of these artefacts (including fungal objects) could not be reconstructed.
Today, we know that the real age of the so-called “Ice Man” ranges, according to nine independent radiocarbon measurements, between 3350 and 3100 BC (Prinoth-Fornwagner and Niklaus, 1995). Among the numerous items of the Ice Man’s equipment were three fungal objects: two different shaped, polypore-like fungal fragments, each mounted separately on a leather thong; and a mysterious “black matter,” filling up the major part of his “girdle bag.” The black matter, which was first thought to be resin representing part of a prehistoric repair kit (Lippert and Spindler 1991; Egg and Spindler 1993), was later shown to be tinder material prepared from the true tinder bracket Fomes fomentarius (L.: Fr.) Fr. (Sauter and Stachelberger 1992; Poder et al., 1995; Peintner et al., 1998). The two whitish, polypore-like objects—one shaped more or less like a Scots pine cone, the other more spheroidal—were identified as fruitbody fragments of the polypore Piptoporus betulinus (Bull.: Fr.) P.Karst. (Poder et al., 1992; Peintner et al., 1998).
So far, this represents the only case in which mushrooms were obviously part of a prehistoric person’s equipment; it fi red the imagination not only of the public and the media but also of scientists. Due to a general fever of excitement, facts have often been mixed up with fictions.


Articles with similar content:

Prorocentrum ponticus Krachmalny & Terenko sp. nov., a new species of Dinophyta from the Black Sea
International Journal on Algae, Vol.6, 2004, issue 1
G.V. Terenko, A. F. Krakhmalnyi
Dinoflagellata (Dinophyta) of the Mediterranean Sea Coastal Waters in the Haifa Area (Israel)
International Journal on Algae, Vol.18, 2016, issue 2
Solomon P. Wasser, M. A. Krakhmalnyi, A. F. Krakhmalnyi, Eviatar D. Nevo
Medicinal Properties of Coprinoid Mushrooms (Basidiomycetes, Agaricales)
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.7, 2005, issue 3
Susanna M. Badalyan, U. Kues, L. R. Melikyan, M. Navarro-Gonzalez
Dog Intoxication by Lizard's Claw Mushroom, Lysurus cruciatus (Higher Basidiomycetes) in Southern Brazil
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.16, 2014, issue 3
Maria G. Rossoni, Vagner G. Cortez
Micronucleus Test in Fish from a Pampasic Pond (Argentina): An Estimation of the Presence of Genotoxic Compounds
Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology, Vol.20, 2001, issue 4
Fernando N. Dulout, Marcela A. Campana, Alicia H. Escalante, Ana M. Panzeri, Victor J. Moreno