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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Fator do impacto: 1.423 FI de cinco anos: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Imprimir: 1521-9437
ISSN On-line: 1940-4344

Volumes:
Volume 22, 2020 Volume 21, 2019 Volume 20, 2018 Volume 19, 2017 Volume 18, 2016 Volume 17, 2015 Volume 16, 2014 Volume 15, 2013 Volume 14, 2012 Volume 13, 2011 Volume 12, 2010 Volume 11, 2009 Volume 10, 2008 Volume 9, 2007 Volume 8, 2006 Volume 7, 2005 Volume 6, 2004 Volume 5, 2003 Volume 4, 2002 Volume 3, 2001 Volume 2, 2000 Volume 1, 1999

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.2019031849
pages 841-850

Review of Bioactive Molecules Production, Biomass, and Basidiomata of Shiitake Culinary-Medicinal Mushrooms, Lentinus edodes (Agaricomycetes)

Rigoberto Gaitán-Hernández
Biotechnology Resources Management Network, Institute of Ecology AC, Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico
Damian López-Peña
Research Center for Food and Development AC, Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico
Martín Esqueda
Research Center for Food and Development AC, Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico
Aldo Gutiérrez
Research Center for Food and Development AC, Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico

RESUMO

Lentinus edodes (shiitake) is a basidiomycete that has been consumed for more than 2000 years because of its nutritional value and health benefits. It has a low lipid content, high fiber content, and a considerable amount of proteins; it also contains B vitamins and minerals in addition to a wide range of functional metabolites including polysaccharides, polysaccharopeptides, lectins, and secondary metabolites with bioactivity, e.g., lentinan, a β-(1-3)-glucan with immunomodulatory activity, among others. Extracts and pure compounds of shiitake exhibit antibacterial, antifungal, cytostatic, antioxidant, anticancer, and immunomodulatory activity. Because of these attributes, different products derived from shiitake are on the market and are sold as dietary supplements. The traditional substrate for shiitake production is oak wood, yet the search for unconventional substrates has intensified over the past three decades. In particular, submerged cultivation of medicinal mushrooms has attracted great interest because it enables greater control of different fermentation factors to obtain products of interest. However, it is necessary to perform in vivo studies to determine the appropriate doses, side effects, and action spectrum of different bioactive compounds and fractions as well as to improve their production in liquid media and to potentiate their activity. We present an updated review of existing studies on the production of biomass and bioactive compounds of L. edodes in liquid culture and on solid fermentation for obtaining secondary mycelia and basidiomata.

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