Inscrição na biblioteca: Guest
Portal Digital Begell Biblioteca digital da Begell eBooks Diários Referências e Anais Coleções de pesquisa
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Fator do impacto: 1.423 FI de cinco anos: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.716 CiteScore™: 2.6

ISSN Imprimir: 1521-9437
ISSN On-line: 1940-4344

Volume 22, 2020 Volume 21, 2019 Volume 20, 2018 Volume 19, 2017 Volume 18, 2016 Volume 17, 2015 Volume 16, 2014 Volume 15, 2013 Volume 14, 2012 Volume 13, 2011 Volume 12, 2010 Volume 11, 2009 Volume 10, 2008 Volume 9, 2007 Volume 8, 2006 Volume 7, 2005 Volume 6, 2004 Volume 5, 2003 Volume 4, 2002 Volume 3, 2001 Volume 2, 2000 Volume 1, 1999

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v10.i3.30
pages 219-234

Medicinal Value of the Caterpillar Fungi Species of the Genus Cordyceps (Fr.) Link (Ascomycetes). A Review

John Holliday
Aloha Medicinals, Inc. 2300 Arrowhead Dr., Carson City, NV 89706, USA
Matt P. Cleaver
Aloha Medicinals Inc., Carson City, NV 89706, USA


This review looks in depth at the history and medicinal value of the Cordyceps species, especially C. sinensis. The C. sinensis medicinal species, with a long history of use, has only been found growing from the head of one type of subterranean caterpillar, at high altitudes, in the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau. Because of this highly specific growth environment and restricted geographical distribution, C. sinensis has a long reputation of being the single-most expensive raw material used in Oriental Medicine. Due to environmental and ecological factors, the annual harvest has been steadily declining, while at the same time the worldwide demand has been increasing. This situation has driven Cordyceps spp. prices into an ever-increasing spiral over the last few years, driving research to determine ways of cultivating it to make it a more affordable material for commercial trade. Part of the goal of this research has been to understand the complex biological niche such an organism fills. This is a mushroom that is only found in cohabitation with the larvae of an insect, and it is this unique growth parameter that has made it challenging to produce Cordyceps spp. in artificial cultivation. Further complicating this cultivation issue is the rarefied atmosphere, mineral-rich soil, and low temperature in which Cordyceps naturally grows, resulting in a unique profile of secondary metabolites possessing interesting biological potential for medical exploitation, but which are not readily reproduced in normal laboratory cultivation. In this article, we attempt to unravel many of the mysteries of Cordyceps spp., detailing the history, medicinal uses, chemical composition, and cultivation of Cordyceps spp., with special attention to C. sinensis, the world's most costly medicinal mushroom.

Articles with similar content:

Commercial Cultivation of Edible Mushrooms in Nigeria
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.7, 2005, issue 3
Francisca Iziegbe Okungbowa
Ecology, Morphology, and Morphogenesis in Nature of Edible and Medicinal Mushroom Grifola frondosa (Dicks.: Fr.) S.F.Gray—Maitake (Aphyllophoromycetideae)
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.2, 2000, issue 3
Paul E. Stamets, Robert B. Cooper, Nian Lai Huang, Sheng-Hua Han, Alice W. Chen
Cultivation of the Medicinal Mushroom Ganoderma lucidum (Curt.:Fr.)P. Karst. (Reishi) in North America
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.1, 1999, issue 3
Alice W. Chen
Production of Tuber-Like Sclerotia of Medicinal Value by Pleurotus tuberregium (Fr.) Singer (Agaricomycetideae)
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.6, 2004, issue 2
Nai-Lai Huang, Alice W. Chen
Biology, Food, Medicinal, and Biotechnological Applications of the Tropical Mushroom Pleurotus tuberregium (Rumph.:Fr.) Singer
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.7, 2005, issue 3
Paul E. Stamets, Rytas Vilgalys, Omoanghe S. Isikhuemhen