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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Fator do impacto: 1.423 FI de cinco anos: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Imprimir: 1521-9437
ISSN On-line: 1940-4344

Volumes:
Volume 21, 2019 Volume 20, 2018 Volume 19, 2017 Volume 18, 2016 Volume 17, 2015 Volume 16, 2014 Volume 15, 2013 Volume 14, 2012 Volume 13, 2011 Volume 12, 2010 Volume 11, 2009 Volume 10, 2008 Volume 9, 2007 Volume 8, 2006 Volume 7, 2005 Volume 6, 2004 Volume 5, 2003 Volume 4, 2002 Volume 3, 2001 Volume 2, 2000 Volume 1, 1999

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v6.i3.30
18 pages

Dietary Supplements from Culinary-Medicinal Mushrooms: A Variety of Regulations and Safety Concerns for the 21st Century

Solomon P. Wasser
N.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany, NAS of Ukraine, 2 Tereshchenkovskaya Str., Kiev 01004, Ukraine; International Center for Cryptogamic Plants and Fungi, Institute of Evolution, University of Haifa, Mount Carmel, Haifa, Israel
Marina Ya. Didukh
International Center for Cryptogamic Plants and Fungi, Institute of Evolution, University of Haifa, Haifa 31905, Israel; M. G. Kholodny Institute of Botany, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 2 Tereshchenkovskaya Str., Kiev, 01601, Ukraine

RESUMO

In the second half of the 20th Century, mushroom producing technologies grew enormously. Mushrooms represent a valuable source of bioactive agents with potent and unique medicinal properties. Many of them are not strictly pharmaceutical products (real medicines) but represent a novel class of dietary supplements (DSs) or "mushroom nutriceuticals." The agents derived from medicinal mushroom fruit bodies, cultured mycelium, and/or culture filtrates exert a wide range of beneficial biological effects when tested in vitro or using animal models. Recent years have seen a surge of commercial interest in medicinal mushroom DSs, the common market value of which is approximately $9 billion US dollars. The safety advantages of using mushroom-based DSs, as opposed to herbal preparations are: (1) The overwhelming majority of mushrooms used for production of DSs are cultivated commercially (and not gathered in the wild); this provides very good chances of proper identification, pre- and unadulterated products. In many cases it also means genetic uniformity. (2) Mushrooms are easily propagated vegetatively, and thus keep to one clone. The mycelium can be stored for a long time, and the genetic and biochemical consistency may be checked after considerable time. (3) The main advantage, in our opinion, is that many mushrooms are capable of growing in the form of mycelial biomass in submerged cultures. In this article, we discuss legal and regulatory issues up to 2004 introducing and controlling DSs from medicinal mushrooms in different countries, including the United States, the European Community (EU), Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, and Israel, as well as the guidelines of the World Health Organization. A lot of attention is drawn to the safety and diversity of DS types from culinary-medicinal mushrooms. We hope that these and future regulations will continue to provide and protect stable medicinal mushroom products of reliable quality and that culturing biotechnology will continue to be the best and the most progressive technique for obtaining consistent and safe mushroom products.


Articles with similar content:

The Role of Culinary-Medicinal Mushrooms on Human Welfare with a Pyramid Model for Human Health
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.14, 2012, issue 2
Solomon P. Wasser, Shu-Ting Chang
Dietary Supplements from Medicinal Mushrooms: Diversity of Types and Variety of Regulations
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.2, 2000, issue 1
Sergey V. Reshetnikov, Solomon P. Wasser, Dmitry Sokolov, Miron Timor-Tismenetsky
Current and Future Research Trends in Agricultural and Biomedical Applications of Medicinal Mushrooms and Mushroom Products (Review)
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.20, 2018, issue 12
Shu Ting Chang, Solomon P. Wasser
The Merit of Medicinal Mushrooms from a Pharmaceutical Point of View
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.15, 2013, issue 6
Ulrike Lindequist
Protecting Intellectual Property Assets of Mushroom Genetic Resources for Invention and Innovation
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.7, 2005, issue 3
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