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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Fator do impacto: 1.423 FI de cinco anos: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Imprimir: 1521-9437
ISSN On-line: 1940-4344

Volumes:
Volume 21, 2019 Volume 20, 2018 Volume 19, 2017 Volume 18, 2016 Volume 17, 2015 Volume 16, 2014 Volume 15, 2013 Volume 14, 2012 Volume 13, 2011 Volume 12, 2010 Volume 11, 2009 Volume 10, 2008 Volume 9, 2007 Volume 8, 2006 Volume 7, 2005 Volume 6, 2004 Volume 5, 2003 Volume 4, 2002 Volume 3, 2001 Volume 2, 2000 Volume 1, 1999

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.2019030869
pages 537-548

Analysis of the Influence of Substrate Formulations on the Bioactive Chemical Profile of Lingzhi or Reishi Medicinal Mushroom, Ganoderma lucidum (Agaricomycetes) by Conventional and Chemometrics Methods

Maximiliano A. Bidegain
Departamento de Biologia, Bioquimica y Farmacia, Universidad Nacional del Sur, San Juan 670, Bahia Blanca (8000), Buenos Aires, Argentina; Centro de Recursos Naturales Renovables de la Zona Semiárida (CERZOS), Universidad Nacional del Sur – CONICET. Laboratorio de Biotecnologia de Hongos Comestibles y Medicinales. Camino La Carrindanga Km. 7, Bahia Blanca (8000), Buenos Aires, Argentina
Pablo Daniel Postemsky
Centro de Recursos Naturales Renovables de la Zona Semiárida (CERZOS), Universidad Nacional del Sur – CONICET. Laboratorio de Biotecnologia de Hongos Comestibles y Medicinales. Camino La Carrindanga Km. 7, Bahia Blanca (8000), Buenos Aires, Argentina
Olga Pieroni
Departamento de Quimica, Universidad Nacional del Sur, Bahia Blanca (8000), Buenos Aires, Argentina
Maria Amelia Cubitto
Departamento de Biologia, Bioquimica y Farmacia, Universidad Nacional del Sur, San Juan 670, Bahia Blanca (8000), Buenos Aires, Argentina; Centro de Recursos Naturales Renovables de la Zona Semiárida (CERZOS), Universidad Nacional del Sur – CONICET. Laboratorio de Biotecnologia de Hongos Comestibles y Medicinales. Camino La Carrindanga Km. 7, Bahia Blanca (8000), Buenos Aires, Argentina

RESUMO

Ganoderma lucidum, a mushroom with medicinal properties, can grow on diverse lignocellulosic substrates. Substrate enrichment with additives has been used as a strategy to increase mushroom productivity. In this study, we evaluated the impact of substrate formulation on the bioactive chemical profile of the basidiome. The bioactive chemical profile of basidiomes cultivated on rice agro-residues (RA) or sunflower seed hulls (SSH) enriched with olive oil and/or copper was evaluated using conventional colorimetric methods and FT-MIR spectrometry coupled with chemometrics. The contents of total triterpenoids, ganoderic acids, high-molecular-weight carbohydrates, and phenolic compounds were sensitive to substrate formulation and harvest time. Moreover, cluster analysis and principal component analysis of the mid-IR spectra were able to discriminate between basidiomes cultivated on either RA or SSH substrates, and for SSH substrates between enriched and nonenriched formulas. These results indicate that the bioactive composition of G. lucidum can be influenced by the formulation of the cultivation substrate.

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