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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Fator do impacto: 1.423 FI de cinco anos: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.716 CiteScore™: 2.6

ISSN Imprimir: 1521-9437
ISSN On-line: 1940-4344

Volumes:
Volume 22, 2020 Volume 21, 2019 Volume 20, 2018 Volume 19, 2017 Volume 18, 2016 Volume 17, 2015 Volume 16, 2014 Volume 15, 2013 Volume 14, 2012 Volume 13, 2011 Volume 12, 2010 Volume 11, 2009 Volume 10, 2008 Volume 9, 2007 Volume 8, 2006 Volume 7, 2005 Volume 6, 2004 Volume 5, 2003 Volume 4, 2002 Volume 3, 2001 Volume 2, 2000 Volume 1, 1999

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.2020033683
pages 133-144

Comparative Studies on Bioactive Compounds, Ganoderic Acid Biosynthesis, and Antioxidant Activity of Pileus and Stipes of Lingzhi or Reishi Medicinal Mushroom, Ganoderma lucidum (Agaricomycetes) Fruiting Body at Different Growth Stages

Xujiao Ren
School of Life & Environmental Sciences, Wenzhou University, Wenzhou, China
Juying Wang
School of Life & Environmental Sciences, Wenzhou University, Wenzhou, China
Lingling Huang
School of Life & Environmental Sciences, Wenzhou University, Wenzhou, China
Kaisen Cheng
School of Life & Environmental Sciences, Wenzhou University, Wenzhou, China
Meifang Zhang
School of Life & Environmental Sciences, Wenzhou University, Wenzhou, China
Hailong Yang
School of Life & Environmental Sciences, Wenzhou University, Wenzhou, China

RESUMO

Total phenolics, flavonoids, and polysaccharides, and individual ganoderic acid (GA) contents, antioxidant capacity, and transcription levels of key enzyme genes involved in GA biosynthesis in pileus and stipes of Ganoderma lucidum fruiting body at different growth stages were investigated in this study. Results showed that the highest total phenolics and total flavonoids contents were determined in stipes at spore maturity stage, resulting in high antioxidant activity, while the highest total polysaccharide content was found in pileus at the same stage. The pileus contained more GA than the stipes, and higher contents of ganoderic acid A and D were found at fruiting body mature stage while that of ganoderic acid B, C2, and G were found at bud elongation stage. Results from quantitative real-time PCR indicated that higher gene transcription levels of hydroxyl methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (hmgr), farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase (fps), squalene synthase (sqs), and oxidosqualene cyclase (osc) were found in pileus at bud elongation stage. Our findings will be helpful for understanding the biosynthesis of bioactive components and determining the harvest time for the desired G. lucidum fruiting bodies.

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