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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Fator do impacto: 1.211 FI de cinco anos: 1.394 SJR: 0.433 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Imprimir: 1521-9437
ISSN On-line: 1940-4344

Volumes:
Volume 20, 2018 Volume 19, 2017 Volume 18, 2016 Volume 17, 2015 Volume 16, 2014 Volume 15, 2013 Volume 14, 2012 Volume 13, 2011 Volume 12, 2010 Volume 11, 2009 Volume 10, 2008 Volume 9, 2007 Volume 8, 2006 Volume 7, 2005 Volume 6, 2004 Volume 5, 2003 Volume 4, 2002 Volume 3, 2001 Volume 2, 2000 Volume 1, 1999

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v4.i2.70
8 pages

Melanin Complex from Medicinal Mushroom Inonotus obliquus (Pers.: Fr.) Pilat (Chaga) (Aphyllophoromycetideae)

Nina A. Bisko
Institute of Food Biotechnology and Genomics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev
Nadezda Yu. Mitropolskaya
M. G. Kholodny Institute of Botany, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Tereschenkivska Str. 2, Kiev, 252601, Ukraine
Natalia V. Ikonnikova
Institute of Microbiology of the National Academy of Sciences of Byelorussia, 2 Kuprevich Str., Minsk 220141, Belarus

RESUMO

The production of melanin complex of Inonotus obliquus (Pers.: Fr.) Pilat (Chaga in Russian) in submerged conditions was studied. It was demonstrated that copper ions (0.008%), pyrocatechol (1.0 mM), and tyrosine (20.0 mM) stimulated this process. It has been estimated that melanin of I. obliquus has antioxidant and genoprotective effects. The investigation of the element composition of the pigment shows that it contains 38.2% C, 5.54% H, and trace amounts of N. The pigment was characterized by the following properties: the extinction coefficient E 0.001% (l = 465 nm) = 0.02; content of COOH groups = 0.93%, CO groups = 1.05%, OCH3 groups = 0.96%, total OH groups 16.9% including aliphatic groups 15.65% and phenolic groups 1.25%. The data obtained in our work demonstrate high antioxidant and genoprotective effects of I. obliquus melanin on peroxidasecatalyzed oxidation of aminodiphenyls. These properties of melanin of I. obliquus may be used for the development of anticarcinogenic preparations.