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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Fator do impacto: 1.423 FI de cinco anos: 1.525 SJR: 0.433 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Imprimir: 1521-9437
ISSN On-line: 1940-4344

Volumes:
Volume 21, 2019 Volume 20, 2018 Volume 19, 2017 Volume 18, 2016 Volume 17, 2015 Volume 16, 2014 Volume 15, 2013 Volume 14, 2012 Volume 13, 2011 Volume 12, 2010 Volume 11, 2009 Volume 10, 2008 Volume 9, 2007 Volume 8, 2006 Volume 7, 2005 Volume 6, 2004 Volume 5, 2003 Volume 4, 2002 Volume 3, 2001 Volume 2, 2000 Volume 1, 1999

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v11.i4.70
pages 409-418

Submerged and Solid-State Cultivation of Bioactive Extra- and Intracellular Polysaccharides of Medicinal Mushrooms Ganoderma lucidum (W. Curt.: Fr.) P. Karst. and Grifola frondosa (Dicks.: Fr.) S. F. Gray (Aphyllophoromycetideae)

Jozica Habijanic
National Institute of Chemistry, Ljubljana, Slovenia ; Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Mirjan Svagelj
Department of Chemical, Biochemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana
Marin Berovic
Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering University of Ljubljana Askerceva 5, 1001 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Bojana Boh
Faculty of Natural Sciences and Engineering, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Branka Wraber
Institute of Microbiology and Immunology, Medical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia

RESUMO

Original strains of Ganoderma lucidum (MZKI G97) and Grifola frondosa (GF3) isolated from Slovenian forests were cultivated using submerged and solid-state cultivation. In G. lucidum after 14 days of submerged fed-batch cultivation, up to 17.0 g L−1 dry fungal biomass was produced. Extracellular (1.7 g L−1) and intracellular (0.45 g L−1) polysaccharide fractions were isolated, while in 18 days of solid-state cultivation, 5.77 mg/g of extracellular and 1.45 mg/g of intracellular polysaccharide were produced at the end of the cultivation period. In 28 days of submerged cultivation of G. frondosa, 3.65 mg L−1 of extracellular and 1.30 mg L−1 of intracellular polysaccharide were produced. In 38 days of solid-state cultivation, 3.80 mg/g of extracellular and 0.70 mg/g of intracellular polysaccharide were produced. Polysaccharides were further separated by ion-exchange, gel, and affinity chromatography. The isolated polysaccharides were mainly β-D-glucans. Immunostimulatory effects of isolates were tested for induction of cytokine (TNF-α and IFN-γ) synthesis in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) isolated from buffy coat.


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