Inscrição na biblioteca: Guest
Portal Digital Begell Biblioteca digital da Begell eBooks Diários Referências e Anais Coleções de pesquisa
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Fator do impacto: 1.423 FI de cinco anos: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Imprimir: 1521-9437
ISSN On-line: 1940-4344

Volumes:
Volume 21, 2019 Volume 20, 2018 Volume 19, 2017 Volume 18, 2016 Volume 17, 2015 Volume 16, 2014 Volume 15, 2013 Volume 14, 2012 Volume 13, 2011 Volume 12, 2010 Volume 11, 2009 Volume 10, 2008 Volume 9, 2007 Volume 8, 2006 Volume 7, 2005 Volume 6, 2004 Volume 5, 2003 Volume 4, 2002 Volume 3, 2001 Volume 2, 2000 Volume 1, 1999

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v11.i4.90
pages 427-436

Influence of Composted Substrates on Yield and Nutritional Attributes of Culinary-Medicinal Paddy Straw Mushroom, Volvariella volvacea (Bull.: Fr.) Singer (Agaricomycetideae)

Om Parkash Ahlawat
Directorate of Mushroom Research (ICAR), Solan, Himachal Pradesh, India
Rajender Singh
Directorate of Mushroom Research, Solan 173 213 (HP)
R. D. Rai
National Research Centre for Mushroom (ICAR), Chambaghat, Solan, HP

RESUMO

During the 2 cultivation trials of Volvariella volvacea (paddy straw mushroom), the compost prepared from 3 different basal ingredients, namely, paddy straw (PS), cotton ginning mill waste (CGMW), and PS + CGMW (1:1, w/w), differed in final pH and moisture, nitrogen, potassium, sodium and calcium content. Highest pH, moisture, and sodium content were in the PS compost, the highest nitrogen and calcium content was in the CGMW compost, and the highest potassium content was in the PS + CGMW compost. The highest population of thermophilic fungi and bacteria was in the PS compost, followed by the PS + CGMW compost. Predominant thermophilic fungi in different types of composts were Humicola insolens and Scytalidium thermophilum. The CGMW compost not only supported the fastest mycelial colonization and earliest first harvest (9 days) but also the highest mushroom yield in both trials (36.60 and 39.34 kg/q dry substrate). The next best mycelial colonization and first harvest of mushrooms were in PS + CGMW compost. However, mushroom yield was higher in PS + CGMW compost in trial 1 and PS compost in trial 2. The number of fruiting bodies did not show much variation in higher yielding substrates, and higher yield was a manifestation of significantly higher average fruiting body weight in the superior yielding substrate. The dry matter, protein, sodium, potassium, and calcium contents in the mushrooms varied with the compost as well as with the flushes: protein, potassium, and calcium were highest in mushrooms from the CGMW compost, sodium was highest in mushrooms from the PS compost, and dry matter of mushrooms was highest from PS + CGMW compost.


Articles with similar content:

Screening of Biological, Morphological, and Molecular Characteristics of Single-Spore Isolate Collections of the Straw Mushroom, Volvariella volvacea (Higher Basidiomycetes) from India
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.16, 2014, issue 4
Jean-Michel Savoie, Om Parkash Ahlawat
Bioconversion of Plant Raw Materials in Value-Added Products by Lentinus edodes (Berk.) Singer and Pleurotus spp.
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.7, 2005, issue 3
George G. Songulashvili, Nana Aladashvili, Yitzhak Hadar, Michel Penninckx, Mikheil D. Asatiani, Eka Metreveli, Vladimir I. Elisashvili
Mycelial Growth of Three Pleurotus (Jacq.: Fr.) P. Kumm. Species on Sugarcane Bagasse: Production of Hydrolytic and Oxidative Enzymes
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.9, 2007, issue 3&4
Dulce Salmones, Erika Gonzalez Cortes, Gerardo Mata
Productivity and Nutritional Content of Culinary-Medicinal Oyster Mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus (Jacq.: Fr.) P. Kumm. (Agaricomycetideae) Fruit Bodies Cultivated on Substrates Containing Solid Waste from Anaerobic Digested Poultry Litter
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.11, 2009, issue 2
Nona A. Mikiashvili, Omoanghe S. Isikhuemhen
Productivity, Physicochemical Changes, and Antioxidant Activity of Shiitake Culinary-Medicinal Mushroom Lentinus edodes (Agaricomycetes) Cultivated on Lignocellulosic Residues
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.19, 2017, issue 11
Marco Antonio Barradas Zavaleta, Rigoberto Gaitán-Hernández, Elia Nora Aquino-Bolaños