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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Fator do impacto: 1.423 FI de cinco anos: 1.525 SJR: 0.433 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Imprimir: 1521-9437
ISSN On-line: 1940-4344

Volumes:
Volume 21, 2019 Volume 20, 2018 Volume 19, 2017 Volume 18, 2016 Volume 17, 2015 Volume 16, 2014 Volume 15, 2013 Volume 14, 2012 Volume 13, 2011 Volume 12, 2010 Volume 11, 2009 Volume 10, 2008 Volume 9, 2007 Volume 8, 2006 Volume 7, 2005 Volume 6, 2004 Volume 5, 2003 Volume 4, 2002 Volume 3, 2001 Volume 2, 2000 Volume 1, 1999

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.2018026551
pages 695-704

Powder of the White Bottom Mushroom, Agaricus bisporus (Agaricomycetes), Improved Immunomodulatory and Health-Promoting Effects of Lactobacillus casei in Zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Roghieh Safari
Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran
Seyed Hossein Hoseinifar
Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Fisheries and Environmental Sciences, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran
Maryam Dadar
Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Karaj, Iran
Mohsen Khalili
Medical Cellular & Molecular Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Science, Gorgan, Iran

RESUMO

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of Lactobacillus casei and Agaricus bisporus administration, alone or in combination, on skin mucus immune parameters and the expression of selected genes related to growth, appetite, mucosal immunity, and antioxidant enzymes in zebrafish (Danio rerio). Zebrafish (n = 600) were randomly stocked in 12 aquariums and assigned to 1 of 4 treatments, which were repeated in triplicate. During a 60-day feeding trial, fish were fed experimental diets: (1) basal diet (control group); (2) basal diet + L. casei (107 colony-forming units/g; Pro group); (3) basal diet + 1% A. bisporus [mushroom powder [MP] group); and (4) basal diet + 1% A. bisporus + L. casei (107 colony-forming units/g) (MP + Pro group). The results demonstrated that oral administration of A. bisporus + L. casei significantly (P < 0.05) upregulated the expression of growth-related genes (gh and igf1). Similar results were observed for expression of mucosal immune-related genes (tnf-alpha, lyz, and il1b) and for antioxidant-related genes (sod, cat) in zebrafish fed A. bisporus + L. casei (P < 0.05). Also, nonspecific skin mucus immune parameters in the MP + Pro group were significantly (P < 0.05) higher than those in the MP, Pro, and control groups. These results also demonstrate the potential of combined administration of A. bisporus and L. casei as a beneficial feed additive in aquaculture.


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