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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Fator do impacto: 1.423 FI de cinco anos: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.716 CiteScore™: 2.6

ISSN Imprimir: 1521-9437
ISSN On-line: 1940-4344

Volumes:
Volume 22, 2020 Volume 21, 2019 Volume 20, 2018 Volume 19, 2017 Volume 18, 2016 Volume 17, 2015 Volume 16, 2014 Volume 15, 2013 Volume 14, 2012 Volume 13, 2011 Volume 12, 2010 Volume 11, 2009 Volume 10, 2008 Volume 9, 2007 Volume 8, 2006 Volume 7, 2005 Volume 6, 2004 Volume 5, 2003 Volume 4, 2002 Volume 3, 2001 Volume 2, 2000 Volume 1, 1999

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushr.v14.i1.30
pages 27-36

Hypolipidemic and Antiatherogenesis Effect of Culinary-Medicinal Pink Oyster Mushroom, Pleurotus salmoneostramineus L. Vass. (Higher Basidiomycetes), in Hypercholesterolemic Rats

Ki Nam Yoon
Division of Life Sciences, University of Incheon, Incheon 406-840, Republic of Korea
Nuhu Alam
Division of Life Sciences, University of Incheon, Incheon 406-840, Republic of Korea;Department of Botany, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dahka 1342, Bangladesh
Mi Ja Shim
College of Pharmacy, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742; and Department of Life Science, University of Seoul, Seoul 130-743, Korea
Tae Soo Lee
Division of Life Sciences, Incheon National University, (Songdo-dong) 119 Academy-ro, Yeonsu-gu, Incheon 22012, Korea

RESUMO

The present study was conducted to investigate dietary supplementation of Pleurotus salmoneostramineus fruiting bodies on biochemical and histological effects in hyper- and normocholesterolemic rats. Six-week-old female Sprague-Dawley albino rats were divided into three groups of 10 rats each. Feeding of diet containing a 5% powder of the fruiting bodies of P. salmoneostramineus in hypercholesterolemic rats reduced plasma total cholesterol, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein, total lipid, phospholipids, and LDL/HDL ratio by 22.55, 51.38, 69.23, 29.67, 16.61, and 65.31%, respectively. The mushroom also significantly reduced body weight in hypercholesterolemic rats. Moreover, it had no adverse effects on plasma albumin, total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, uric acid, glucose, total protein, calcium, sodium, potassium, chloride, inorganic phosphate, magnesium, and enzyme profiles. Feeding mushroom increased total lipid and cholesterol excretion in feces. The plasma lipoprotein fraction, separated by agarose gel electrophoresis, indicated that P. salmoneostramineus significantly reduced plasma β and pre-β-lipoprotein, while it increased α-lipoprotein. A histological study of liver tissues by conventional hematoxylin-eosin and oil red O staining showed normal in mushroom feed hypercholesterolemic rat. This study suggests that the P. salmoneostramineus diet supplement provided health benefits by acting on the atherogenic lipid profile in hypercholesterolemic rats.


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