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Interfacial Phenomena and Heat Transfer
ESCI SJR: 0.146

ISSN Imprimir: 2169-2785
ISSN On-line: 2167-857X

Open Access

Interfacial Phenomena and Heat Transfer

DOI: 10.1615/InterfacPhenomHeatTransfer.2019031067
pages 113-121

SURFACE STRUCTURING OF KAPTON POLYIMIDE WITH FEMTOSECOND AND PICOSECOND IR LASER PULSES

Jan Hrabovsky
HiLASE Centre, Institute of Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, 28, 252 41 Dolni Brezany, Czech Republic; Faculty of Chemical Technology, University of Pardubice, Studentska 95, Pardubice, Czech Republic; Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University in Prague, Ke Karlovu 2027/3, 121 16 Prague
Chiara Liberatore
HiLASE Centre, Institute of Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, 28, 252 41 Dolni Brezany, Czech Republic
Inam Mirza
HiLASE Centre, Institute of Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, 28, 252 41 Dolni Brezany, Czech Republic
Juraj Sladek
HiLASE Centre, Institute of Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, 28, 252 41 Dolni Brezany, Czech Republic; Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, Trojanova 13, 120 00 Prague, Czech Republic
Jiri Beranek
HiLASE Centre, Institute of Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, 28, 252 41 Dolni Brezany, Czech Republic; Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, Trojanova 13, 120 00 Prague, Czech Republic
Alexander V. Bulgakov
HiLASE Centre, Institute of Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, 28, 252 41 Dolni Brezany, Czech Republic; S.S. Kutateladze Institute of Thermophysics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 1 Lavrentyev Ave., Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia
Nadezhda M. Bulgakova
HiLASE Centre, Institute of Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, 28, 252 41 Dolni Brezany, Czech Republic; S.S. Kutateladze Institute of Thermophysics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 1 Lavrentyev Ave., Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia

RESUMO

Pulsed laser ablation is one of the most efficient and clean methods for high-precision processing and modification of polymers and biomaterials. Polymer ablation has been extensively investigated with ultraviolet lasers while little attention has been given to the infrared (IR) region, which becomes particularly interesting with the recent advances in ultrashort laser technologies. Here, we report the results of a comparative study on 1030-nm ultrashort laser structuring of Kapton polyimide, a polymer important in a variety of applications, with direct comparison of 247-fs and 7-ps laser pulses. The laser-induced damage thresholds for both pulse durations have been determined and the femtosecond laser threshold has been found to be considerably lower than that for picosecond pulses (by a factor of ~ 3.5). Both femtosecond and picosecond laser–produced craters have been thoroughly investigated as a function of pulse energy and focusing conditions. It has been demonstrated that femtosecond laser pulses enable accurate polyimide structuring while picosecond irradiation regimes result in a number of undesired effects such as re-deposition of the ablation debris, surface swelling, and the formation of high rims around the ablation craters. The mechanisms of polyimide ablation with femtosecond and picosecond IR laser pulses are discussed.

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