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THERMOREGULATORY CLOTHING FOR PERSONAL THERMAL MANAGEMENT

DOI: 10.1615/AnnualRevHeatTransfer.2019027189
pages 205-244

Lun Lou
Department of Fiber Science & Apparel Design, College of Human Ecology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA

Yuen Shing Wu
Department of Fiber Science & Apparel Design, College of Human Ecology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA

Dahua Shou
Institute of Textile & Clothing, Applied Science and Textile, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong

Jintu Fan
Department of Fiber Science & Apparel Design, College of Human Ecology, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA; Institute of Textile & Clothing, Applied Science and Textile, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong


Palavras-chave: clothing thermal comfort, personal cooling, personal heating, clothing thermoregulation, energy saving

Resumo

This chapter introduces the fundamental concepts of thermal comfort and physiological thermoregulation as well as the importance of clothing thermoregulation. It reviews the history and recent progress of clothing for passive and active thermoregulation. A detailed classification of thermoregulatory clothing with cooling or heating effect is provided based on the components and working mechanisms. Also, various textile materials and garment designs are discussed and compared in efficiency, usability, safety, and cost. These comparisons allow researchers to determine the advantages and disadvantages of each thermoregulating approach and make a selection for a specific situation.

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