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DOI: 10.1615/ICHMT.2009.CONV.500
11 pages

Giovanni Tanda
DIME, Università degli Studi di Genova

Marco Fossa
Dime, Universita di Genova, Via Opera Pia 15a, 16145 Genova, Italy

Eddie Leonardi
Computational Fluid Dynamics Research Laboratory, School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia 2052

Christophe Menezo
Universite de Lyon, CNRS, France ; Chaire INSA-EDF Habitats et Innovations Energetiques, CETHIL, UMR5008, F-69621,Villeurbanne, France


The enhancement technique for natural convection systems based on staggering vertical thermal sources has been reviewed and discussed. The potential for the heat transfer enhancement of an array of staggered, discrete, vertical surfaces is ascribed to the systematic interruption of the boundary layer caused by the short length of the discrete sources. Considering a system of uniformly heated vertical surfaces as a reference, the use of staggered, discrete surfaces gives rise to higher average heat transfer coefficients. This enhancement strategy has been adopted to increase the natural convection heat transfer from vertical channels as well as from arrays of vertical surfaces. Main applications include the thermal control of electronic equipment, solar system devices and the design of heat sink and/or heat exchanger. The most significant results presented in relevant papers are discussed and compared for the purpose of drawing the guidelines for the optimal design of such advanced thermal systems.

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