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Experimental Study of a New Effect in Particle Transfer in Non-Isothermal Turbulent Flow

DOI: 10.1615/ICHMT.2006.TurbulHeatMassTransf.1460
pages 675-678

A. Eidelman
The Pearlstone Center for Aeronautical Engineering Studies, Department of Mechanical Engineering, The Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, POB 653, Beer-Sheva 84105, Israel

Tov Elperin
The Pearlstone Center for Aeronautical Engineering Studies, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, P.O. Box 653 Beer Sheva 84105 Israel

N. Kleeorin
The Pearlstone Center for Aeronautical Engineering Studies, Department of Mechanical Engineering, The Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, POB 653, Beer-Sheva 84105, Israel

A. Markovich
The Pearlstone Center for Aeronautical Engineering Studies, Department of Mechanical Engineering, The Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, POB 653, Beer-Sheva 84105, Israel

I. Rogachevskii
The Pearlstone Center for Aeronautical Engineering Studies, Department of Mechanical Engineering, The Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, POB 653, Beer-Sheva 84105, Israel

Abstract

We studied experimentally a new phenomenon of turbulent thermal diffusion of particles which can cause formation of the large-scale particle inhomogeneities. This phenomenon was detected experimentally in oscillating grids turbulence in air flow. Three measurement techniques were used to study turbulent thermal diffusion in strongly inhomogeneous temperature fields, namely Particle Image Velocimetry to determine the turbulent velocity field, an image processing technique to determine the spatial distribution of particles, and an array of thermocouples for the temperature field measurements. Experiments are presented for both, stably and unstably stratified fluid flows, by using both directions of the imposed mean vertical temperature gradient. We demonstrated that even in strongly inhomogeneous temperature fields particles in turbulent fluid flow accumulate at the regions with minimum of mean temperature of surrounding fluids due to the phenomenon of turbulent thermal diffusion.

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