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On analogy between transition to turbulence in fluids and plasticity in solids

DOI: 10.1615/ICHMT.2006.TurbulHeatMassTransf.370
pages 221-224

S. Ananiev
Institute of Aerospace Engineering, Technische Universitat Dresden, Mommsenstr. 13, 01069 Dresden, Germany


The subject of this work is the instability mechanism of simple shear flows, like Hagen-Poiseuille pipe flow, which is a long-standing problem in fluid mechanics [1,2]. A possible analogy with phenomenological theory of ideal plasticity in solids is explored. It allows an extension of the Navier-Stokes equations making the simple shear flows unstable.
Following von Mises [4], the existence of maximal allowed shear stress or "yield stress" in fluid is assumed. After the actual stresses have reached this value, a new physical mechanism will be activated attempting to reduce them. This mechanism results in a pressure-like force, which has to be added to the Navier-Stokes equations. The yield stress itself is a material constant, which does not depend on the Reynolds number of particular flow. It will be shown how to estimate its value from experimental data.
To demonstrate how the character of flow changes if the additional force is taken into account, an unsteady flow in a 2D nozzle is presented. The momentum source was introduced in the Navier-Stokes equations through the user-defined function's interface offered by Fluent [6]. The initial data and the results of simulation are summarized in appendix.

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