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Telecommunications and Radio Engineering
SJR: 0.202 SNIP: 0.2 CiteScore™: 0.23

ISSN Печать: 0040-2508
ISSN Онлайн: 1943-6009

Выпуски:
Том 78, 2019 Том 77, 2018 Том 76, 2017 Том 75, 2016 Том 74, 2015 Том 73, 2014 Том 72, 2013 Том 71, 2012 Том 70, 2011 Том 69, 2010 Том 68, 2009 Том 67, 2008 Том 66, 2007 Том 65, 2006 Том 64, 2005 Том 63, 2005 Том 62, 2004 Том 61, 2004 Том 60, 2003 Том 59, 2003 Том 58, 2002 Том 57, 2002 Том 56, 2001 Том 55, 2001 Том 54, 2000 Том 53, 1999 Том 52, 1998 Том 51, 1997

Telecommunications and Radio Engineering

DOI: 10.1615/TelecomRadEng.v65.i8.70
pages 753-762

Analysis of Audio Watermarking Techniques

G. Cano-Rodriguez
ESIME Culhuacan, National Polytechnic Institute of Mexico, Mexico
Mariko Nakano-Miyatake
National Polytechnic Institute, IPN, Mexico City
Hector Manuel Perez-Meana
National Polytechnic Institute of Mexico

Краткое описание

In this paper, three principal audio watermarking schemes are analyzed and summarized. Each audio watermarking scheme was evaluated from the point of view of fidelity and robustness. In the fidelity case the signal to noise ratio (SNR) was used, on the other hand, the watermarked signals were evaluated under several different attacks. Among them the Stirmark for audio, that is a program specifically designed to remove watermarks, in order to prove their robustness. The audio watermarking schemes were classified in three categories: Patchwork, based in the frequency domain, which can be applied to all frequency transforms such as DCT, DFT and DWT, the echo hiding that is based in the time domain and the cepstrum domain.


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