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Портал Begell Электронная Бибилиотека e-Книги Журналы Справочники и Сборники статей Коллекции
Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
Импакт фактор: 1.625 5-летний Импакт фактор: 1.63 SJR: 0.402 SNIP: 0.613 CiteScore™: 2.3

ISSN Печать: 0731-8898
ISSN Онлайн: 2162-6537

Выпуски:
Том 39, 2020 Том 38, 2019 Том 37, 2018 Том 36, 2017 Том 35, 2016 Том 34, 2015 Том 33, 2014 Том 32, 2013 Том 31, 2012 Том 30, 2011 Том 29, 2010 Том 28, 2009 Том 27, 2008 Том 26, 2007 Том 25, 2006 Том 24, 2005 Том 23, 2004 Том 22, 2003 Том 21, 2002 Том 20, 2001

Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology

DOI: 10.1615/JEnvironPatholToxicolOncol.v27.i2.60
pages 135-145

Culture of Human A375 Melanoma Cells in the Presence of Fibronectin Causes Expression of MMP-9 and Activation of MMP-2 in Culture Supernatants

Aniruddha Banerji
Department of Receptor Biology and Tumor Metastasis, Chittaranjan National Cancer Institute, 37 S.P. Mukherjee Road, Kolkata-700 026, India
Shamik Das
Department of Receptor Biology and Tumor Metastasis, Chittaranjan National Cancer Institute, 37 S.P. Mukherjee Road, Kolkata-700 026, India
Amitava Chatterjee
Department of Receptor Biology and Tumor Metastasis, Chittaranjan National Cancer Institute, 37 S.P. Mukherjee Road, Kolkata-700 026, India

Краткое описание

Interactions between tumor cell surface integrin receptors and extracellular matrix (ECM) ligands play an important role in tumor development, affecting cell survival, proliferation, and migration. Integrin-ECM ligand interaction leads to phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways. It has been reported that integrins also regulate expression and function of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). In this present work, we cultured human A375 melanoma cells in the presence of fibronectin to study fibronectin-integrin mediated modulation of MMP activity. Methods: A375 cells were cultured in serum-free culture medium (SFCM) in the presence of fibronectin (25 μg/0.75ml), SFCM was collected and gelatin zymography was performed. Western blot and RT-PCR were performed with A375 cells cultured in the presence of fibronectin. Results: Culture of A375 cells in the presence of fibronectin led to expression of MMP-9 and activation of MMP-2 within 2 h. When cells were treated with ERK inhibitor (PD98059) or PI-3K inhibitor (LY294002) and grown in the presence of fibronectin, MMP-9 expression and MMP-2 activation was inhibited. Tyrosine phosphorylation of FAK and ERK were increased in A375 cells grown in the presence of fibronectin. Increased MMP-9 mRNA expression and processing of MT1-MMP were also observed in A375 cells grown in the presence of fibronectin. Conclusions: Our findings indicate culture of A375 cells in SFCM in the presence of fibronectin perhaps generates a signaling cascade that leads to expression of MMP-9 and activation of MMP-2 in culture supernatants within 2 h. The signaling pathway activated is probably the FAK/ERK pathway.


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