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Critical Reviews™ in Immunology
Импакт фактор: 1.352 5-летний Импакт фактор: 3.347 SJR: 0.657 SNIP: 0.55 CiteScore™: 2.19

ISSN Печать: 1040-8401
ISSN Онлайн: 2162-6472

Выпуски:
Том 39, 2019 Том 38, 2018 Том 37, 2017 Том 36, 2016 Том 35, 2015 Том 34, 2014 Том 33, 2013 Том 32, 2012 Том 31, 2011 Том 30, 2010 Том 29, 2009 Том 28, 2008 Том 27, 2007 Том 26, 2006 Том 25, 2005 Том 24, 2004 Том 23, 2003 Том 22, 2002 Том 21, 2001 Том 20, 2000 Том 19, 1999 Том 18, 1998 Том 17, 1997 Том 16, 1996 Том 15, 1995 Том 14, 1994

Critical Reviews™ in Immunology

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevImmunol.v29.i4.20
pages 307-315

Biology of Granzyme M: A Serine Protease with Unique Features

Pieter J. A. de Koning
Department of Pathology, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
J. Alain Kummer
Department of Pathology, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Niels Bovenschen
Department of Pathology, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands

Краткое описание

The granule-exocytosis pathway is the major mechanism for cytotoxic lymphocytes to kill tumor cells and virus-infected cells. Cytotoxic granules contain the pore-forming protein perforin and a set of structurally homologues serine proteases called granzymes. Perforin facilitates the entry of granzymes into a target cell, allowing these proteases to initiate distinct cell death routes by cleaving specific intracellular substrates. The family of granzymes consists of multiple members, of which granzyme A and granzyme B have been studied most extensively. Since the cloning of the granzyme M cDNA in the early 1990s, it has remained an "orphan" granzyme for many years and only during the past few years the interest in this protease has increased. Granzyme M appears to be a potent inducer of tumor cell death with morphological hallmarks that are unique among all granzymes. In this review, we summarize the characteristics of granzyme M that are currently known, including its cellular expression, substrate specificity, physiological functions, and inhibitors.


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