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Critical Reviews™ in Immunology
Импакт фактор: 1.352 5-летний Импакт фактор: 3.347 SJR: 0.657 SNIP: 0.55 CiteScore™: 2.19

ISSN Печать: 1040-8401
ISSN Онлайн: 2162-6472

Выпуски:
Том 39, 2019 Том 38, 2018 Том 37, 2017 Том 36, 2016 Том 35, 2015 Том 34, 2014 Том 33, 2013 Том 32, 2012 Том 31, 2011 Том 30, 2010 Том 29, 2009 Том 28, 2008 Том 27, 2007 Том 26, 2006 Том 25, 2005 Том 24, 2004 Том 23, 2003 Том 22, 2002 Том 21, 2001 Том 20, 2000 Том 19, 1999 Том 18, 1998 Том 17, 1997 Том 16, 1996 Том 15, 1995 Том 14, 1994

Critical Reviews™ in Immunology

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevImmunol.2017019376
pages 329-347

Genetically Engineered Natural Killer Cells as a Means for Adoptive Tumor Immunotherapy

Susanne Michen
Department of Neurosurgery, Section Experimental Neurosurgery and Tumor Immunology, University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus, TU Dresden, Fetscherstr. 74, 01307 Dresden, Germany
Achim Temme
Department of Neurosurgery, Section Experimental Neurosurgery and Tumor Immunology, University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus, TU Dresden, Fetscherstr. 74, 01307 Dresden, Germany; German Cancer Consortium (DKTK), Dresden, Germany, and German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg, Germany

Краткое описание

Natural killer (NK) cells are lymphoid cells of the innate immune system; they stand at the first defense line against viruses and transformed cells. NK cells use an array of germline-encoded activating and inhibitory receptors that sense virus-infected cells or malignant cells displaying altered surface expression of activating and inhibitory NK cell ligands. They exert potent cytotoxic responses to cellular targets and thus are candidate effector cells for immunotherapy of cancer. In particular, the genetic engineering of NK cells with chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) against surface-expressed tumor-associated antigens (TAAs) seems promising. In the allogeneic context, gene-modified NK cells compared to T cells may be superior because they are short-lived effector cells and do not cause graft-versus-host disease. Furthermore, their anti-tumoral activity can be augmented by combinatorial use with therapeutic antibodies, chemotherapeutics, and radiation. Today, efforts are being undertaken for large-scale NK-cell expansion and their genetic engineering for adoptive cell transfer. With the recent advances in understanding the complex biological interactions that regulate NK cells, it is expected that the genetic engineering of NK cells and a combinatorial blockade of immune evasion mechanisms are required to exploit the full potential of NK-cell-based immunotherapies.


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