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Портал Begell Электронная Бибилиотека e-Книги Журналы Справочники и Сборники статей Коллекции
Critical Reviews™ in Immunology
Импакт фактор: 1.352 5-летний Импакт фактор: 3.347 SJR: 0.657 SNIP: 0.55 CiteScore™: 2.19

ISSN Печать: 1040-8401
ISSN Онлайн: 2162-6472

Выпуски:
Том 39, 2019 Том 38, 2018 Том 37, 2017 Том 36, 2016 Том 35, 2015 Том 34, 2014 Том 33, 2013 Том 32, 2012 Том 31, 2011 Том 30, 2010 Том 29, 2009 Том 28, 2008 Том 27, 2007 Том 26, 2006 Том 25, 2005 Том 24, 2004 Том 23, 2003 Том 22, 2002 Том 21, 2001 Том 20, 2000 Том 19, 1999 Том 18, 1998 Том 17, 1997 Том 16, 1996 Том 15, 1995 Том 14, 1994

Critical Reviews™ in Immunology

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevImmunol.v37.i2-6.60
pages 285-313

Accessory Molecule and Costimulation Requirements for CD4 T Cell Response

Michael Croft
Department of Biology and the Cancer Center, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093
Caroline Dubey
Department of Biology and the Cancer Center, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093

Краткое описание

T cell activation is brought about by recognition of peptide/MHC complexes on an antigen-presenting cell (APC) by the T cell receptor (TCR). However, in general this appears to be insufficient for the full development of T cell responses and therefore additional signals are required, provided by ligation of counter-receptors on the T cell by APC accessory molecules. Although many studies have suggested that B7 molecules (CD80/CD86) binding to CD28 induce this second signal, it is now evident that any one of a number of molecules may provide accessory function and that efficient response is only generated following multiple interactions. It has also become clear that T cells exist in varying states of activation or differentiation, and that requirements for accessory molecules and costimuli are not always equivalent. This review covers much of the recent data regarding accessory molecule regulation of T cell responses. A modified version of the two signal model is presented, suggesting that the major function of accessory molecules during the initial stages of activation is to augment the ability to signal through the TCR, and that the primary role of costimulatory signals is to allow IL-2 secretion and growth. The requirement for multiple accessory molecule interactions is discussed in relation to activation of naive T cells and how such interactions are less critical at the memory and effector stages. Finally, this new information is related to how T cells interact with varying APC and how these interactions may modulate T cell response.