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Critical Reviews™ in Immunology
Импакт фактор: 1.352 5-летний Импакт фактор: 3.347 SJR: 0.657 SNIP: 0.55 CiteScore™: 2.19

ISSN Печать: 1040-8401
ISSN Онлайн: 2162-6472

Выпуски:
Том 39, 2019 Том 38, 2018 Том 37, 2017 Том 36, 2016 Том 35, 2015 Том 34, 2014 Том 33, 2013 Том 32, 2012 Том 31, 2011 Том 30, 2010 Том 29, 2009 Том 28, 2008 Том 27, 2007 Том 26, 2006 Том 25, 2005 Том 24, 2004 Том 23, 2003 Том 22, 2002 Том 21, 2001 Том 20, 2000 Том 19, 1999 Том 18, 1998 Том 17, 1997 Том 16, 1996 Том 15, 1995 Том 14, 1994

Critical Reviews™ in Immunology

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevImmunol.v28.i5.10
pages 363-376

New Concepts on the Pathogenesis of Autoimmune Diseases: A Role for Immune Homeostasis, Immunoregulation, and Immunosenescence

Marielle Thewissen
Hasselt University, Biomedical Research Institute and Transnationale Universiteit Limburg, School of Life Sciences, Diepenbeek, Belgium; Maastricht University, Department of Internal Medicine, (CARIM), Maastricht, The Netherlands
Piet Stinissen
Hasselt University, Biomedical Research Institute and Transnationale Universiteit Limburg, School of Life Sciences, Diepenbeek, Belgium

Краткое описание

Complex autoimmune diseases are chronic conditions initiated by a loss of immunological tolerance to self-antigens. Despite many years of intense investigation, the etiopathogenic mechanisms initiating these chronic inflammatory conditions remain undefined. The relatively high prevalence and the clustering of multiple autoimmune diseases within individuals or within families suggest that rather common immune mechanisms may facilitate the development of autoimmune diseases. However, specific genetic or environmental factors seem to be necessary for triggering disease. Clearly, immune mechanisms, which are intended to protect from disease, fail or become dysregulatcd. In this review, we discuss the mechanisms of immune homeostasis, immune regulation, and immunosenescence. We focus on the merit, consequences, and/or shortcomings of these mechanisms and speculate on their possible involvement in autoimmune-disease development.


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