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Critical Reviews™ in Immunology
Импакт фактор: 1.352 5-летний Импакт фактор: 3.347 SJR: 0.657 SNIP: 0.55 CiteScore™: 2.19

ISSN Печать: 1040-8401
ISSN Онлайн: 2162-6472

Выпуски:
Том 39, 2019 Том 38, 2018 Том 37, 2017 Том 36, 2016 Том 35, 2015 Том 34, 2014 Том 33, 2013 Том 32, 2012 Том 31, 2011 Том 30, 2010 Том 29, 2009 Том 28, 2008 Том 27, 2007 Том 26, 2006 Том 25, 2005 Том 24, 2004 Том 23, 2003 Том 22, 2002 Том 21, 2001 Том 20, 2000 Том 19, 1999 Том 18, 1998 Том 17, 1997 Том 16, 1996 Том 15, 1995 Том 14, 1994

Critical Reviews™ in Immunology

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevImmunol.v28.i6.10
pages 467-483

lnterleukin-16: The Ins and Outs of Regulating T-Cell Activation

William Cruikshank
Pulmonary Center, R-304, Boston University School of Medicine, 715 Albany St., Boston, MA 02118
Frederic Little
Pulmonary Center, R-304, Boston University School of Medicine, 715 Albany St., Boston, MA 02118

Краткое описание

Intcrleukin-16 (IL-16) was originally identified in 1980 as the first-described T-cell chemoattractant. Since that time, the protein has been cloned, sequenced, and characterized in terms of expression and biologic function for regulating inflammation. Generated as a precursor molecule, IL-16 is cleaved by caspase-3, yielding pro-IL-16 and the secreted (mature) portion. Both components of IL-16 are now known to regulate T-cell growth and represent one of the few proteins for which function has been determined for both the pro- and secreted portions. Secreted IL-16 primes CD4+ T cells for IL-2 and IL-15 responsiveness, with a preferential effect on TH1 cells. Animal models have identified its involvement in the establishment of TH1-type inflammation with a critical role in the development of certain autoimmune diseases. Nuclear pro-IL-16 is a recently identified regulator of Skp2 transcription and T- cell cycle progression, acting as a scaffold protein for GABPβ and histone deacctylase-3. The intent of this review is to present an update on the structure of both IL-16 and pro-IL-16, the biologic functions of both components, and how the functions relate to the pathology of certain diseases where changes in IL-16 expression levels have been detected.


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