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Critical Reviews™ in Immunology
Импакт фактор: 1.352 5-летний Импакт фактор: 3.347 SJR: 0.657 SNIP: 0.55 CiteScore™: 2.19

ISSN Печать: 1040-8401
ISSN Онлайн: 2162-6472

Выпуски:
Том 39, 2019 Том 38, 2018 Том 37, 2017 Том 36, 2016 Том 35, 2015 Том 34, 2014 Том 33, 2013 Том 32, 2012 Том 31, 2011 Том 30, 2010 Том 29, 2009 Том 28, 2008 Том 27, 2007 Том 26, 2006 Том 25, 2005 Том 24, 2004 Том 23, 2003 Том 22, 2002 Том 21, 2001 Том 20, 2000 Том 19, 1999 Том 18, 1998 Том 17, 1997 Том 16, 1996 Том 15, 1995 Том 14, 1994

Critical Reviews™ in Immunology

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevImmunol.v16.i1.30
pages 31-57

Mechanisms That Contribute to the Development of Lymphoid Malignancies: Roles for Genetic Alterations and Cytokine Production

Laura S. Levy
Department of Microbiology and Immunology SL-38; Tulane Cancer Center SL-68; and Program in Molecular and Cellular Biology SL-79, Tulane University School of Medicine, 1430 Tulane Avenue, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112
Kenneth L. Bost
Department of Microbiology and Immunology and the Tulane Cancer Center, Tulane University Medical Center, New Orleans, Louisiana, 70112

Краткое описание

Recent studies have defined genetic alterations commonly associated with transformed lymphocytes. This review suggests roles for these alterations in the development of lymphoid neoplasms. Damage to the genes encoding proteins that function in intracellular signaling, transcription, or regulation of the cell cycle has been identified and linked at varying degrees to the progression of certain lymphoid malignancies. An understanding of the mechanistic consequences following such genetic alterations is essential to an understanding of the development of these lymphoid neoplasms. In contrast, it is also becoming clear that the dysregulated expression of proteins that are not genetically altered can also contribute to the progression of lymphoid malignancies. One such example is the excessive expression of "normal" lymphokines or cytokines which accompanies many lymphoproliferative diseases. The dysregulated expression of cytokines during malignancy can result in the augmentation of growth of transformed lymphocytes, as well as an alteration of the anti-tumor immune response. The latter mechanism is especially important because evasion of the impending immune response is a prerequisite for the progression of lymphoproliferative diseases. Taken together, this review supports the notion that the development of lymphoid malignancies is multifactorial, involving genetic alterations as well as dysregulated cytokine expression.

Ключевые слова: lymphokines, T helper cells, anti-tumor immunity.

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