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Портал Begell Электронная Бибилиотека e-Книги Журналы Справочники и Сборники статей Коллекции
Critical Reviews™ in Immunology
Импакт фактор: 1.352 5-летний Импакт фактор: 3.347 SJR: 0.657 SNIP: 0.55 CiteScore™: 2.19

ISSN Печать: 1040-8401
ISSN Онлайн: 2162-6472

Выпуски:
Том 39, 2019 Том 38, 2018 Том 37, 2017 Том 36, 2016 Том 35, 2015 Том 34, 2014 Том 33, 2013 Том 32, 2012 Том 31, 2011 Том 30, 2010 Том 29, 2009 Том 28, 2008 Том 27, 2007 Том 26, 2006 Том 25, 2005 Том 24, 2004 Том 23, 2003 Том 22, 2002 Том 21, 2001 Том 20, 2000 Том 19, 1999 Том 18, 1998 Том 17, 1997 Том 16, 1996 Том 15, 1995 Том 14, 1994

Critical Reviews™ in Immunology

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevImmunol.v29.i5.40
pages 419-442

Opposing Forces in Asthma: Regulation of Signaling Pathways by Kinases and Phosphatases

Philippe Pouliot
Department of Respiratory Diseases, Gent University, Gent, Belgium
Martin Olivier
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, McGill University, and The Centre for the Study of Host Resistance, Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre, Montréal, QC, Canada

Краткое описание

Allergic asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease that involves a sustained T-helper-2 (Th2) type immune response and the recruitment of inflammatory cells such as lymphocytes, mast cells, and eosinophils to the lung. The complex cellular interactions involved in this disease are dependent on cellular responses generated following the integration of environmental signals through the cell signaling pathways. Therefore, the elucidation of the biochemical cascades involved in cellular responses contributing to asthma development has been of great interest in this field. Much attention has been given to the activities of kinases, enzymes that catalyze the addition of a phosphate group to a protein, thus allowing them to modify the function of the target enzyme. This resulted in the identification of key kinases and various cellular processes involved in disease development. New investigations have also begun to unravel the importance of phosphatases, which catalyze the removal of a phosphate group from their target protein. Together, these studies reveal a signaling picture in allergic asthma that is far more complex than originally thought. Herein, we review critical mechanisms of asthma development and discuss how kinases and phosphatases are likely to regulate the development of disease through their effect on these various mechanisms.