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Critical Reviews™ in Immunology
Импакт фактор: 1.404 5-летний Импакт фактор: 3.347 SJR: 0.706 SNIP: 0.55 CiteScore™: 2.19

ISSN Печать: 1040-8401
ISSN Онлайн: 2162-6472

Выпуски:
Том 40, 2020 Том 39, 2019 Том 38, 2018 Том 37, 2017 Том 36, 2016 Том 35, 2015 Том 34, 2014 Том 33, 2013 Том 32, 2012 Том 31, 2011 Том 30, 2010 Том 29, 2009 Том 28, 2008 Том 27, 2007 Том 26, 2006 Том 25, 2005 Том 24, 2004 Том 23, 2003 Том 22, 2002 Том 21, 2001 Том 20, 2000 Том 19, 1999 Том 18, 1998 Том 17, 1997 Том 16, 1996 Том 15, 1995 Том 14, 1994

Critical Reviews™ in Immunology

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevImmunol.v27.i4.40
pages 345-356

PART III. Autoimmunity
An Altered Peptide Ligand of Type II Collagen Suppresses Autoimmune Arthritis

Linda K. Myers
Department of Pediatrics, University of Tennessee, Memphis, TN 38163, USA
Bo Tang
Department of Medicine, University of Tennessee, Memphis, TN 38163; and Research Service, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Memphis, TN 38104, USA
Edward F. Rosioniec
Department of Medicine, University of Tennessee, Memphis, TN 38163; and Research Service, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Memphis, TN 38104, USA
John M. Stuart
Department of Medicine, University of Tennessee, Memphis, TN 38163; and Research Service, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Memphis, TN 38104, USA
Andrew H. Kang
Department of Medicine, University of Tennessee, Memphis, TN 38163; and Research Service, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Memphis, TN 38104, USA

Краткое описание

On the basis of the hypothesis that immunity to type II collagen (CII) contributes to joint inflammation, our goal is to develop an immunotherapy capable of selectively blocking immunity to a particular autoantigen without interfering with the beneficial functions of the immune system. CII is the major protein component of articular cartilage and autoimmunity to CII is strongly associated with rheumatoid arthritis in man. Our laboratory has previously identified a region of type II collagen (CII), CII245−270 that contains a prominent T-cell epitope in the immune response to CII. Residues critical to the I-Aq-restricted presentation of this determinant have been characterized. When synthetic analog peptides were developed that contain site-directed substitutions in critical positions, we found that that CII245−270 (A260, B261, N263) (A9), profoundly suppressed collagen-induced arthritis. When DBA/1 mice were coimmunized with CII and the analog peptide, the incidence and severity of arthritis was greatly reduced concordant with the humoral immune responses to CII. Moreover, the suppression could be transferred with A9-immune spleen cells and was accompanied by a Th2-type cytokine profile. When we compared T-cell signals in response to A9 to those of wild-type (WT) peptide, we found that APCs prepulsed with WT peptide induced strong phosphorylation of both TCR ζ chain and Zap-70, while A9 did not. Since T cells clearly respond to A9 with cytokine secretion, we hypothesize that A9 induces an alternate signaling pathway and we speculate that this pathway involves phosphorylation of Syk, a kinase ordinarily utilized by B cells. Activation of this alternative pathway is a novel observation and may represent an important means by which the phenotype of the responding T cell is altered. Elucidation of the mechanism by which A9 prevents arthritis may lead to development of novel immunotherapeutic approaches to antigen specific treatment of autoimmunity.


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