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Critical Reviews™ in Immunology
Импакт фактор: 1.352 5-летний Импакт фактор: 3.347 SJR: 1.022 SNIP: 0.55 CiteScore™: 2.19

ISSN Печать: 1040-8401
ISSN Онлайн: 2162-6472

Выпуски:
Том 39, 2019 Том 38, 2018 Том 37, 2017 Том 36, 2016 Том 35, 2015 Том 34, 2014 Том 33, 2013 Том 32, 2012 Том 31, 2011 Том 30, 2010 Том 29, 2009 Том 28, 2008 Том 27, 2007 Том 26, 2006 Том 25, 2005 Том 24, 2004 Том 23, 2003 Том 22, 2002 Том 21, 2001 Том 20, 2000 Том 19, 1999 Том 18, 1998 Том 17, 1997 Том 16, 1996 Том 15, 1995 Том 14, 1994

Critical Reviews™ in Immunology

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevImmunol.2018027821
pages 471-478

Regulatory Mechanism of The Induction of Regulatory T Cells through Growth Factors Released by Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells

Ippei Miyagawa
The First Department of Internal Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Japan, Kitakyusyu, Japan
Shingo Nakayamada
The First Department of Internal Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Japan, Kitakyusyu, Japan
Masahiro Kondo
Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma Research Institute, Yokohama, Japan
Yoshiya Tanaka
The First Department of Internal Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Japan, Kitakyusyu, Japan

Краткое описание

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) undergo self-renewal and differentiation into multiple lineages. They exert anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects via either cell–cell contact or via the production of soluble factors. Various anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory mechanisms have been identified using experimental murine MSCs. The most representative mechanism is the induction of FOXP3+ regulatory T cells (Treg cells) via the production of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β, which has also been reported in human MSCs. Recent studies have demonstrated that insulin-like growth factor (IGF) is also involved in the induction of FOXP3+ Treg cells. We previously demonstrated that the induction of FOXP3+ Treg cells by IGF is suppressed by the expression of IGF-binding protein-4 (IGFBP-4), which is an inhibitor of IGF. Because human MSCs produce both IGFs and IGFBP4, they may be considered to maintain immunological homeostasis by positive regulation of Treg cells through the production of growth factors as well as by a negative regulatory mechanism. Although human MSCs have already been applied in regenerative therapy and autoimmune disease treatment, control of their positive and negative regulatory mechanisms is expected to lead to more efficient clinical applications.


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