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Портал Begell Электронная Бибилиотека e-Книги Журналы Справочники и Сборники статей Коллекции
Critical Reviews™ in Immunology
Импакт фактор: 1.352 5-летний Импакт фактор: 3.347 SJR: 0.657 SNIP: 0.55 CiteScore™: 2.19

ISSN Печать: 1040-8401
ISSN Онлайн: 2162-6472

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Critical Reviews™ in Immunology

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevImmunol.2013007953
pages 549-574

The Ron Receptor Tyrosine Kinase: A Key Regulator of Inflammation and Cancer Progression

Xin Wang
Graduate Program in Cell and Developmental Biology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania
Pamela A. Hankey
Graduate Program in Cell and Developmental Biology, The Pennsylvania State University; Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania

Краткое описание

Numerous studies have documented abnormal expression and activation of the Ron receptor tyrosine kinase in a variety of human malignancies. Here we review the literature regarding the molecular mechanisms governing Ron regulation, the biological functions of Ron, the effect of Ron on cancer development, and potential therapeutic implications. In epithelial cells, activation of Ron by its ligand, macrophage stimulating protein, mediates a number of biological events including cell growth, motility, and epithelial to mesenchymal transition. Overexpression and/or activation of Ron has been implicated in the progression and metastasis of diverse epithelial cancers, where it plays a causal role in tumor development by promoting growth, survival, and motility of tumor cells. As a crucial regulator of inflammation, Ron inhibits classic macrophage activation and promotes alternative activation of macrophages, resulting in the resolution of inflammation and tissue repair. In addition, Ron alleviates antitumor immunity by promoting the alternative activation of tumor-associated macrophages, and Ron expression in the tumor microenvironment promotes the outgrowth of metastatic colonies. Hence, Ron is a promising therapeutic target for the treatment of epithelial cancers.