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Портал Begell Электронная Бибилиотека e-Книги Журналы Справочники и Сборники статей Коллекции
Critical Reviews™ in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems
Импакт фактор: 2.9 5-летний Импакт фактор: 3.72 SJR: 0.736 SNIP: 0.551 CiteScore™: 2.43

ISSN Печать: 0743-4863
ISSN Онлайн: 2162-660X

Выпуски:
Том 36, 2019 Том 35, 2018 Том 34, 2017 Том 33, 2016 Том 32, 2015 Том 31, 2014 Том 30, 2013 Том 29, 2012 Том 28, 2011 Том 27, 2010 Том 26, 2009 Том 25, 2008 Том 24, 2007 Том 23, 2006 Том 22, 2005 Том 21, 2004 Том 20, 2003 Том 19, 2002 Том 18, 2001 Том 17, 2000 Том 16, 1999 Том 15, 1998 Том 14, 1997 Том 13, 1996 Том 12, 1995

Critical Reviews™ in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevTherDrugCarrierSyst.v28.i3.20
pages 255-292

Carbohydrate Molecules: An Expanding Horizon in Drug Delivery and Biomedicine

Raj Kumar Shukla
Sun Pharma Industries Ltd., Sun Pharma Advance Research Centre, Tandalja-390020, Baroda-Gujrat, India
Akanksha Tiwari
Department of Pharmaceutics, Baroda College of Pharmacy, Parul Trust, Limbda, Waghodia-391760, Baroda- Gujrat

Краткое описание

This review presents successful applications of carbohydrate molecules in drug delivery, vaccine development, cancer, HIV and various other diseases based on advances in glycobiology and glycochemistry. Carbohydrate-mediated delivery could be site specific/cell specific. Carbohydrate-based delivery system has been successfully utilized for the delivery of macromolecular drugs, antigen, and potential therapeutic drug candidates. Lectin, the high affinity carbohydrate-binding nonimmune glycoproteins has specific and noncovalent binding sites for defined carbohydrates. Endogenous surface lectins of cancer cells participate in the regulation of tumor cell growth. The oligosaccharides constitute potential recognition sites for carbohydrate-mediated interactions between cells and drug carriers bearing suitable site directing molecules. The recognition of carbohydrate immunodeterminants has created great attention in the development of carbohydrate-based vaccines. Peptide mimotopes provide a strategy to augment human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) specific carbohydrate reactive immune responses. Experimental cancer and HIV vaccines are being developed in attempts to overcome weak immunological responses to carbohydrate-rich surface antigens using carriers, adjuvants, and novel carbohydrate antigen constructs. Current carbohydrate-based vaccines are used for prostate cancer, typhus, pneumonia, and meningitis; vaccines for malaria, anthrax, and leishmaniasis are under development. This article discusses the current research involved in the role of carbohydrate molecules in targeted controlled drug delivery, immunology, and vaccine development.