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Портал Begell Электронная Бибилиотека e-Книги Журналы Справочники и Сборники статей Коллекции
Critical Reviews™ in Oncogenesis
SJR: 0.631 SNIP: 0.503 CiteScore™: 2

ISSN Печать: 0893-9675
ISSN Онлайн: 2162-6448

Critical Reviews™ in Oncogenesis

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevOncog.2019029512
pages 69-87

Cancer Stem Cells: Root of the Evil

Merve Erkisa
Istinye University, Faculty of Medicine, Molecular Cancer Research Center, Istanbul, Turkey; Istanbul University, The Institute of Experimental Medicine, Department of Molecular Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey
Didem Karakas
Istinye University, Faculty of Science and Art, Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Istanbul, Turkey; Istinye University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Istanbul, Turkey
Engin Ulukaya
Istinye University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Istanbul, Turkey

Краткое описание

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) have been one of the most attractive research areas over the last two decades due to their important roles in aggressive tumor behaviors. Although CSCs are usually a small subpopulation of tumors (less than 0.1%), these cells determine the fate of cancer patients because of their roles in poor prognoses. Accumulating evidence has shown that CSCs are the major responsible cell population in tumor development, growth, metastasis, and therapy resistance. The self-renewal and differentiation capacity of CSCs contribute to the initiation and maintenance of tumor growth. Several reports indicate that CSCs share numerous molecular characteristics with mesenchymal cells, so CSCs are accepted as leading players in metastasis. In addition, these cells possess a higher intrinsic resistance to chemotherapies and radiotherapies than bulk cancer cells. Therefore, therapeutic approaches in recent years have focused on effectively targeting CSCs. Here, we have reviewed the current literature on the resistant mechanisms of CSCs, their roles in metastasis, and the roles of non-coding RNAs in the regulation of aggressive CSC characteristics and novel therapy approaches against CSCs.

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