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Journal of Porous Media
Импакт фактор: 1.49 5-летний Импакт фактор: 1.159 SJR: 0.43 SNIP: 0.671 CiteScore™: 1.58

ISSN Печать: 1091-028X
ISSN Онлайн: 1934-0508

Выпуски:
Том 22, 2019 Том 21, 2018 Том 20, 2017 Том 19, 2016 Том 18, 2015 Том 17, 2014 Том 16, 2013 Том 15, 2012 Том 14, 2011 Том 13, 2010 Том 12, 2009 Том 11, 2008 Том 10, 2007 Том 9, 2006 Том 8, 2005 Том 7, 2004 Том 6, 2003 Том 5, 2002 Том 4, 2001 Том 3, 2000 Том 2, 1999 Том 1, 1998

Journal of Porous Media

DOI: 10.1615/JPorMedia.v12.i5.20
pages 403-415

Shrinkage/Swelling Behavior of Knitted Fabrics during Relative Humidity Cycles Determined by X-ray Imaging

N. Bhouri
LERMAB-UMRINRA 1093, ENGREF 14, rue Girardet, 54042 Nancy Cedex, France; and LESTE, ENIM Avenue IBN ELJAZZAR, 5019 Monastir, Tunisie
Eric Badel
LERMAB-UMRINRA 1093, ENGREF 14, rue Girardet, 54042 Nancy Cedex, France
Sassi Ben Nasrallah
Laboratoire d'Études des Systèmes Thermiques et Énergétiques, Ecole Nationale d'Ingénieurs de Monastir, Monastir 5019 Tunisie
Patrick Perre
Laboratoire de Genie des Procedes et des Materiaux, Ecole Centrale Paris, CentraleSupelec, campus de Chatenay-Malabry Grande Voie des Vignes F-92 295 Chatenay-Malabry Cedex, Paris, France

Краткое описание

The 2D deformation of knitted jersey ready-to-wear clothing made of cotton was measured during adsorption and desorption steps. A digital x-ray imaging system was coupled with a climatic chamber to control temperature and relative humidity during the cycle. Images of the samples were recorded at each different equilibrium state of the cycle. Finally, an image correlation process was used to compare the recorded images and to determine the 2D strain. The deformations along course (εcc) and wale (εww) directions and the shear (εwc) were measured for four identical samples. The repeatability of the results shows the reproducibility of the measurement process. These original experimental results establish a clear anisotropic shrinkage and swelling behavior between the wale and course directions. The anisotropic ratio (εcc/εww) rises up to 2 during the adsorption step. Moreover, they enlighten a hysteresis between the adsorption and desorption steps. It denotes the effect of the material's history and it is explained by geometrical considerations of the structure at the microscopic level and the relationship with the manufacturing process. Finally, the shear strain is explained at the microscopic level by electronic microscopy (ESEM) observations that show the fibers' twist dissymmetry between the two wings of the stitch.


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