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Critical Reviews™ in Biomedical Engineering
SJR: 0.207 SNIP: 0.376 CiteScore™: 0.79

ISSN Печать: 0278-940X
ISSN Онлайн: 1943-619X

Выпуски:
Том 47, 2019 Том 46, 2018 Том 45, 2017 Том 44, 2016 Том 43, 2015 Том 42, 2014 Том 41, 2013 Том 40, 2012 Том 39, 2011 Том 38, 2010 Том 37, 2009 Том 36, 2008 Том 35, 2007 Том 34, 2006 Том 33, 2005 Том 32, 2004 Том 31, 2003 Том 30, 2002 Том 29, 2001 Том 28, 2000 Том 27, 1999 Том 26, 1998 Том 25, 1997 Том 24, 1996 Том 23, 1995

Critical Reviews™ in Biomedical Engineering

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevBiomedEng.v37.i3.20
pages 259-281

Biomaterials, Fibrosis, and the Use of Drug Delivery Systems in Future Antifibrotic Strategies

Ryan J. Love
School of Biomedical Engineering, McMaster University, Canada
Kim S. Jones
School of Biomedical Engineering and Department of Chemical Engineering, McMaster University, Canada

Краткое описание

All biomaterials, when implanted into the body, elicit an inflammatory response that evolves into fibrovascular tissue formation on and around the material. As a result, material scientists and tissue engineers should be concerned about host response to tissue-engineered constructs that have a biomaterial component, because the host response to this component will interfere with device function and reduce the lifespan of tissue engineering devices in vivo. The fibrotic response to biomaterials is not unlike pathological fibrosis of the liver, lung, kidney, and peritoneum in many ways: i) the presence of mononuclear leukocytes are common in the local environment of both pathological fibrosis and biomaterial-induced fibrosis even though cells of mesenchymal origin are responsible for laying the majority of the extracellular matrix; ii) paracrinesignaling molecules, such as transforming growth factor β1, are essential mediators of fibrosis, whether it is pathological or biomaterial induced; and iii) injury and/or the presence of foreign materials (including bacterial components, toxins, or man-made objects) are essential initiators for the development of the fibrotic response. This review discusses mechanisms and research methodology related to pathological fibrosis that is of interest to researchers focused on biomaterials. Potential research models for the study of fibrosis from the fields of biomaterials and drug delivery are also discussed, which may be of interest to scientists working on the pathology of fibrotic disease.


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