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Портал Begell Электронная Бибилиотека e-Книги Журналы Справочники и Сборники статей Коллекции
Critical Reviews™ in Biomedical Engineering
SJR: 0.207 SNIP: 0.376 CiteScore™: 0.79

ISSN Печать: 0278-940X
ISSN Онлайн: 1943-619X

Выпуски:
Том 47, 2019 Том 46, 2018 Том 45, 2017 Том 44, 2016 Том 43, 2015 Том 42, 2014 Том 41, 2013 Том 40, 2012 Том 39, 2011 Том 38, 2010 Том 37, 2009 Том 36, 2008 Том 35, 2007 Том 34, 2006 Том 33, 2005 Том 32, 2004 Том 31, 2003 Том 30, 2002 Том 29, 2001 Том 28, 2000 Том 27, 1999 Том 26, 1998 Том 25, 1997 Том 24, 1996 Том 23, 1995

Critical Reviews™ in Biomedical Engineering

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevBiomedEng.v28.i12.70
pages 33-40

Kinematic Analysis of Total Knee Prosthesis Designed for Asian Population

F. H. Low
School of Mechanical and Production Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798
L P. Khoo
School of Mechanical and Production Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798
C. K. Chua
School of Mechanical and Production Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798
N. N. Lo
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Outram Road, Singapore 169608

Краткое описание

In designing a total knee replacement (TKR) prosthesis catering for the Asian population, 62 sets of femur were harvested and analyzed The morphometrical data obtained were found to be in good agreement with dimensions typical of the Asian knee and has reaffirmed the fact that Caucasian knees arc generally larger than Asian knees. Subsequently, these data when treated using a multivariate statistical technique resulted in the establishment of major design parameters for six different sizes of femoral implants. An extra-small implant size with established dimensions and geometrical shape has surfaced from the study. The differences between the Asian knees and the Caucasian knees are discussed. Employing the established femoral dimensions and motion path of the knee joint, the articulating tibia profile was generated. All the sizes of implants were modeled using a computer-aided software package. Thereupon, these models that accurately fits the local Asian knee were transported into a dynamic and kinematic analysis software package. The tibiofemoral joint was modeled successfully as a slide curve joint to study intuitively the motion of the femur when articulating on the tibia surface. An optimal tibia profile could be synthesized to mimic the natural knee path motion. Details of the analysis are presented and discussed.