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Critical Reviews™ in Biomedical Engineering
SJR: 0.207 SNIP: 0.376 CiteScore™: 0.79

ISSN Печать: 0278-940X
ISSN Онлайн: 1943-619X

Выпуски:
Том 47, 2019 Том 46, 2018 Том 45, 2017 Том 44, 2016 Том 43, 2015 Том 42, 2014 Том 41, 2013 Том 40, 2012 Том 39, 2011 Том 38, 2010 Том 37, 2009 Том 36, 2008 Том 35, 2007 Том 34, 2006 Том 33, 2005 Том 32, 2004 Том 31, 2003 Том 30, 2002 Том 29, 2001 Том 28, 2000 Том 27, 1999 Том 26, 1998 Том 25, 1997 Том 24, 1996 Том 23, 1995

Critical Reviews™ in Biomedical Engineering

DOI: 10.1615/CritRevBiomedEng.2017021299
pages 411-425

Computed Tomography Image Matching in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Sandeep Bodduluri
Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine, University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL 35294; University of Alabama at Birmingham Lung Imaging Core, University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL 35294; University of Alabama at Birmingham Lung Health Center, University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL 35294
Surya P. Bhatt
Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine, University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL 35294; University of Alabama at Birmingham Lung Imaging Core, University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL 35294; University of Alabama at Birmingham Lung Health Center, University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL 35294
Joseph M. Reinhardt
Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242

Краткое описание

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), characterized by progressive airflow obstruction due to the combined effects of emphysema and small airways disease, is associated with high morbidity and mortality. The complex link between emphysema and airways disease is associated with significant heterogeneity in clinical presentation. Spirometry is the current gold standard for diagnosis and stratification of the severity of airflow obstruction in COPD. Although spirometry is simple to use, it does not enable the separation of emphysema from airways disease. Computed tomography (CT), on the other hand, provides the anatomic localization of disease and has been increasingly used to phenotype COPD. The majority of current CT measures are extracted from a single-volume CT scan and although useful to characterize emphysema and airways disease, they do not link structural and functional abnormalities. Alternatively, CT image matching combines information from both inspiratory and expiratory CT scans, thus enabling determination of functional changes such as regional ventilation and mechanical properties of the lung. In this review, we discuss recent applications of CT image matching that provide clinically meaningful information beyond spirometry and single-volume CT scan measures.


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