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Портал Begell Электронная Бибилиотека e-Книги Журналы Справочники и Сборники статей Коллекции
International Journal for Multiscale Computational Engineering
Импакт фактор: 1.016 5-летний Импакт фактор: 1.194 SJR: 0.554 SNIP: 0.68 CiteScore™: 1.18

ISSN Печать: 1543-1649
ISSN Онлайн: 1940-4352

Выпуски:
Том 18, 2020 Том 17, 2019 Том 16, 2018 Том 15, 2017 Том 14, 2016 Том 13, 2015 Том 12, 2014 Том 11, 2013 Том 10, 2012 Том 9, 2011 Том 8, 2010 Том 7, 2009 Том 6, 2008 Том 5, 2007 Том 4, 2006 Том 3, 2005 Том 2, 2004 Том 1, 2003

International Journal for Multiscale Computational Engineering

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMultCompEng.2018028717
pages 579-593

EFFECT OF DENTAL IMPLANTOLOGY ON THE BIOMECHANICAL BEHAVIOR OF ALVEOLAR BONE

Abdelkader Drai
Laboratory of Mechanical and Physical of Materials (LMPM), Djillali Liabes University, Sidi Bel-Abbes, Algeria
Ali Merdji
Faculty of Science and Technology, University Mustapha Stambouli of Mascara,Mascara (29000), Algeria; Medical Engineering Research Group, Faculty of Science & Technology, Anglia Ruskin University Bishop Hall Lane, Chelmsford, Essex, UK
Abdulmohsen Albedah
Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, King Saud University, Riyadh Saudi Arabia
Bel-Abbes Bachir Bouiadjra
Laboratory of Mechanical and Physical of Materials (LMPM), Djillali Liabes University, Sidi Bel-Abbes, Algeria; Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, King Saud University, Riyadh Saudi Arabia
Faycal Benyahia
Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, King Saud University, Riyadh Saudi Arabia
Sohal Mazheralikhan Mohammed
Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, King Saud University, Riyadh Saudi Arabia

Краткое описание

Dental implants have been increasingly used to recover the masticatory function of lost teeth. Computer prediction of failure in dental implants has been common in recent years. The finite element analysis was reported to simulate biomechanical problems with complex geometries. Our research describes a numerical study performed with the 3D finite element method of effects of dental implants on biomechanical behaviour of masticatory system. Mandibular bones with natural teeth were redesigned and two dental implant systems were restored in molar region by using computer tomography scan pictures and Computer Aided Design tools. The goal was to evaluate the stress distribution in the bone surrounding these implants under combined static loading cases by using the ABAQUS program. Stress was maximal around the top of the implant, highest in the cortical bone at the neck of the implant, and lowest in the cancellous bone. Hence, the implanted bone area should be preserved clinically in order to maintain the functionality of the bone–implant interface.