Доступ предоставлен для: Guest
Портал Begell Электронная Бибилиотека e-Книги Журналы Справочники и Сборники статей Коллекции
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Импакт фактор: 1.211 5-летний Импакт фактор: 1.394 SJR: 0.433 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Печать: 1521-9437
ISSN Онлайн: 1940-4344

Выпуски:
Том 21, 2019 Том 20, 2018 Том 19, 2017 Том 18, 2016 Том 17, 2015 Том 16, 2014 Том 15, 2013 Том 14, 2012 Том 13, 2011 Том 12, 2010 Том 11, 2009 Том 10, 2008 Том 9, 2007 Том 8, 2006 Том 7, 2005 Том 6, 2004 Том 5, 2003 Том 4, 2002 Том 3, 2001 Том 2, 2000 Том 1, 1999

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.v7.i3.190
pages 357-359

The Ice Man's Fungi: Facts and Mysteries

Reinhold Poder
Institute of Microbiology, University of Innsbruck, Technikerstrasse 25, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria

Краткое описание

The discovery of a Neolithic corpse in 1991 in an Alpine glacial field, near the Austrian–Italian border, attracted worldwide attention. The finding’s circumstances and the recovery of the mummy proved to be quite chaotic: it took five days for the corpse and most of the artifacts found with it to be transferred to a lab of forensic medicine in Innsbruck, the capital of Tyrol. During this time (September 19–24, 1991) the Neolithic origin of the corpse was unknown, and at least 22 different persons came into contact with it (Egg and Spindler, 1993). Many of the artifacts, some damaged by the visitors, were carelessly thrown into a garbage bag and brought to Vent, the next mountain village. Therefore, the exact original position of these artefacts (including fungal objects) could not be reconstructed.
Today, we know that the real age of the so-called “Ice Man” ranges, according to nine independent radiocarbon measurements, between 3350 and 3100 BC (Prinoth-Fornwagner and Niklaus, 1995). Among the numerous items of the Ice Man’s equipment were three fungal objects: two different shaped, polypore-like fungal fragments, each mounted separately on a leather thong; and a mysterious “black matter,” filling up the major part of his “girdle bag.” The black matter, which was first thought to be resin representing part of a prehistoric repair kit (Lippert and Spindler 1991; Egg and Spindler 1993), was later shown to be tinder material prepared from the true tinder bracket Fomes fomentarius (L.: Fr.) Fr. (Sauter and Stachelberger 1992; Poder et al., 1995; Peintner et al., 1998). The two whitish, polypore-like objects—one shaped more or less like a Scots pine cone, the other more spheroidal—were identified as fruitbody fragments of the polypore Piptoporus betulinus (Bull.: Fr.) P.Karst. (Poder et al., 1992; Peintner et al., 1998).
So far, this represents the only case in which mushrooms were obviously part of a prehistoric person’s equipment; it fi red the imagination not only of the public and the media but also of scientists. Due to a general fever of excitement, facts have often been mixed up with fictions.


Articles with similar content:

WOMEN IN MATHEMATICS: AN OVERVIEW OF THEIR TREATMENT IN HISTORY AND BEYOND
Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering, Vol.2, 1995, issue 3
Sharon Kunoff
3D CFD MODELING OF THERMALGASDYNAMIC, HUMIDITY AND RADIOACTIVE STATE OF THE NEW SAFE CONFINEMENT AND DESTROYED REACTOR #4 OF THE CHERNOBYL NPP (computational aspects)
ICHMT DIGITAL LIBRARY ONLINE, Vol.0, 2017, issue
Dmitry Sklyarenko, Anatolii S. Polubinskyi, Andrii Deineko, Mihail Metel, Pavlo Krukovskyi
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms: Celebrating Seven Years
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.7, 2005, issue 3
William Begell
Consequences of Misnomer or Mistakes in Identification of Fungal Species
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.17, 2015, issue 11
Vaclav Sasek
THE EFFECT OF WORLD WAR II ON WOMEN IN ENGINEERING
Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering, Vol.9, 2003, issue 3&4
Anne M. Barker