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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Импакт фактор: 1.423 5-летний Импакт фактор: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Печать: 1521-9437
ISSN Онлайн: 1940-4344

Выпуски:
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International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.2019032885
pages 1137-1150

Therapeutic Effect and Potential Mechanisms of Lion's Mane Medicinal Mushroom, Hericium erinaceus (Agaricomycetes), Mycelia in Submerged Culture on Ethanol-Induced Chronic Gastric Injury

Xiangjunzhi Mao
School of Pharmaceutical Science, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, PR China
Zhen-Ming Lu
National Engineering Laboratory for Cereal Fermentation Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, PR China; Jiangsu Engineering Research Center for Bioactive Products Processing Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, PR China
Ting-Ting Gong
School of Pharmaceutical Science, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, PR China
Kang-Le Wang
School of Pharmaceutical Science, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, PR China
Yan Geng
School of Pharmaceutical Science, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, PR China
Hong-Yu Xu
National Engineering Laboratory for Cereal Fermentation Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, PR China; Jiangsu Engineering Research Center for Bioactive Products Processing Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, PR China
Guo-Hua Xu
Jiangsu Shenhua Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd, Huaian 211600, PR China
Jin-Song Shi
School of Pharmaceutical Science, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, PR China
Zheng-Hong Xu
National Engineering Laboratory for Cereal Fermentation Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, PR China; Jiangsu Engineering Research Center for Bioactive Products Processing Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, PR China; Key Laboratory of Industrial Biotechnology, Ministry of Education, School of Biotechnology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, PR China

Краткое описание

Hericium erinaceus (HE) is an edible and medicinal mushroom traditionally used for the treatment of gastric injury in clinical practice. However, scientific evidence of its pharmacological activities has not yet been revealed. This study was designed to investigate the therapeutic effect of HE mycelia in submerged culture on ethanol-induced chronic gastric injury (ECGI) in mice. Gastric injury model was induced by ethanol with chronic and binge ethanol feeding in mice, and then mice were treated with HE mycelia. The stomachs were removed for histopathological examination and inflammatory cytokines measurement. Meanwhile, total proteins of gastric tissue were analyzed by isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) labeling analysis to quantitatively identify differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) in three groups of animals. Bioinformatics analysis of DEPs was conducted through clustering analysis, Venn analysis, Gene Ontology (GO) annotation enrichment, and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways enrichment. The histopathologic characteristics and biochemical data showed that HE mycelia (0.5 and 1.0 g/kg) exhibited therapeutic effects on the ECGI mice. Based on the results of iTRAQ analysis, a total of 308 proteins were differentially expressed in the ethanol group when compared with the control group; 205 DEPs in the high dose of HE (HEH) group when compared with control group; and 230 DEPs in HE group (1.0 g/kg) when compared with ethanol group. KEGG analysis showed that the p53 signaling pathway was closely related to the therapeutic effect of HE mycelia on ECGI. Furthermore, the expression levels of several DEPs, including keratin (KRT) 16, KRT6b and transglutaminase E (TGE), were verified by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). In conclusion, H. erinaceus mycelia could relieve ethanol-induced chronic gastric injury in mice by ameliorating inflammation as well as regulating epidermal differentiation.

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