Доступ предоставлен для: Guest
Портал Begell Электронная Бибилиотека e-Книги Журналы Справочники и Сборники статей Коллекции
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Импакт фактор: 1.423 5-летний Импакт фактор: 1.525 SJR: 0.431 SNIP: 0.661 CiteScore™: 1.38

ISSN Печать: 1521-9437
ISSN Онлайн: 1940-4344

Выпуски:
Том 21, 2019 Том 20, 2018 Том 19, 2017 Том 18, 2016 Том 17, 2015 Том 16, 2014 Том 15, 2013 Том 14, 2012 Том 13, 2011 Том 12, 2010 Том 11, 2009 Том 10, 2008 Том 9, 2007 Том 8, 2006 Том 7, 2005 Том 6, 2004 Том 5, 2003 Том 4, 2002 Том 3, 2001 Том 2, 2000 Том 1, 1999

International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms

DOI: 10.1615/IntJMedMushrooms.2018029378
pages 1121-1133

Current and Future Research Trends in Agricultural and Biomedical Applications of Medicinal Mushrooms and Mushroom Products (Review)

Shu Ting Chang
Chinese University of Hong Kong, Ainslie, Australia
Solomon P. Wasser
International Center for Cryptogamic Plants and Fungi, Institute of Evolution, University of Haifa, Mount Carmel, Haifa Israel

Краткое описание

Here, we analyze the status and future trends in the study of medicinal mushrooms (MMs) in agriculture and biomedicine. Fruiting bodies of mushrooms are heterotrophic organisms that obtain all their nutritive requirements from the substrate. Mushroom substrates are agro-industrial plant residues and forest byproducts, which are usually called lignocellulosic materials. A good substrate for mushroom growth must be suitable both chemically and physically, as well as have the proper conditions for microbial activities. Under suitable conditions, mushrooms can excrete key enzymes for unlocking indigestible lignocellulosic biomasses to help provide sources of nourishment. The production of enzymes by mushroom mycelia plays a crucial part in the colonization process and is an important determinant of mushroom yields. The sense of purpose and vision for mushroom industries is also briefly discussed. Special attention is given to the use of mushroom extracts with antiphytopathologenic and insecticidal properties in modern agriculture. In the second part of this article, we summarize biomedical applications of medicinal mushrooms, which are currently used as 1) dietary food, 2) dietary supplement products, 3) a new class of drugs called "mushroom pharmaceuticals or mushroom drugs", 4) natural biocontrol agents in plant protection demonstrating insecticidal, fungicidal, bactericidal, herbicidal, nematocidal, and antiphytoviral activities, and 5) cosmeceuticals. We also aimed to draw attention to many critically important unsolved problems in the future development of medicinal mushroom science in the 21st century, including problems of production, standardization, and safety of mushroom dietary supplement products, as well as to discuss the problems of developing new medicinal mushroom drugs based not only on beta-glucans polysaccharides but also on low-molecular-weight secondary metabolites.


Articles with similar content:

Biotechnological Potential of Mushrooms: Drugs and Dye Production
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.8, 2006, issue 4
Girish Tidke, Mahendra K. Rai
The Role of Culinary-Medicinal Mushrooms on Human Welfare with a Pyramid Model for Human Health
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.14, 2012, issue 2
Solomon P. Wasser, Shu-Ting Chang
The World Mushroom Industry: Trends and Technological Development
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.8, 2006, issue 4
Shu-Ting Chang
Dietary Supplements from Culinary-Medicinal Mushrooms: A Variety of Regulations and Safety Concerns for the 21st Century
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.6, 2004, issue 3
Solomon P. Wasser, Marina Ya. Didukh
Chemical, Pharmacological, and Biological Characterization of the Culinary-Medicinal Honey Mushroom, Armillaria mellea (Vahl) P. Kumm. (Agaricomycetideae): A Review
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms, Vol.13, 2011, issue 2
Katarzyna Sulkowska-Ziaja, Halina Ekiert, Malgorzata Wolkowska, Bozena Muszynska